許許 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

英文文法冠詞的有無

小弟最近在讀文法書時,發現了個有點矛盾的地方

在冠詞這章中,提到了"名詞當不完全及物動詞的補語時,不加冠詞"

並且有以下的例句:Tom was elected chairman of the committee.

然而,小弟我讀到五大句型這章時,其中S+Vt+O+OC這部分時

又有例句:People consider Joan a kind-hearted neighbor.

但此時的consider不就是不完全及物動詞嗎?

而後面的 a kind-hearted neighbor 也就是補語

但卻加上的冠詞"a",令小弟我有點不解

請各位對英文頗有見聞的大大替我解惑

謝謝~

已更新項目:

謝謝各位大大

小弟在此補充書名&所提及的頁數

[空中英語叢書]

新版 文法總動員(下)

p.135

4 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    chairman是普通可數名詞,通常是會加上冠詞等determiner(定詞)在前面的(不會因為當受詞補語就不加定詞)。

    如:the Chairman of the Board (of Directors,the new Chairman of Malaysian Airlines

    我從來沒聽說過當受詞補語的名詞不加冠詞這個規則。加不加冠詞應該不是由動詞來決定,必須看名詞的性質和語意來決定是否可加。

    你看到的那本文法書可能有誤,你應該多看幾本文法來確認其說法。

    People consider Joan a kind-heated neighbor.是正確的。

    Tom was eleted the chairman of the committe.才對。

    2013-02-16 14:01:27 補充:

    更正:Tom was elected chairman of the committe.是正確的。

    to elect somebody president/chairman/leader etc

    Smith was elected executive chairman of a new steering committee.

    2013-02-16 14:01:48 補充:

    to elect somebody as something

    Lee Yuan-tzu was elected the next day as Vice President.

    to elect somebody to something

    He was elected to parliament by a large majority.

    謝謝LionEnglish大師指正。

    2013-02-16 14:10:01 補充:

    [補語用以表示職位時無冠詞]

    I wonder who they will elect as mayor.

    Reagan was elected (to be) President of the United States.

    <遠東新世紀英漢辭典>p.446 elect

    不用冠詞包括下列:

    to elect+受詞+(to be)補

    to elect+受詞+as補

    但:to elect a man to the presidency

    2013-02-16 14:12:20 補充:

    所以名詞加不加冠詞確實是受到前面某些動詞的影響。

    你的文法書應該寫[某些]動詞會影響後面的名詞是否要用冠詞才比較精確。

    2013-02-16 14:14:08 補充:

    elect的狀況應屬於例外,不能拿來當成一般動詞的通則。

    2013-02-16 17:28:15 補充:

    We consider Shakepeare a great poet.

    She wished to consider marriage as the ideal human relationship.

    He made his son a lawyer.

    這裡的受詞補語都用了冠詞。

    但 They made him head teacher after Joanne left.

    We made him king.

    無冠詞,可能和職務有關。

    2013-02-16 17:34:57 補充:

    柯旗化編<新英文法>p.226

    提示:原則上要加the的名詞如用作elect, choose, make等的受格補語時,則須省去the。

    They elected Washington President.

    We chose him captain.

    They made him a soldier.

    所以冠詞a不在省略範圍之內。

  • 7 年前

    補充一下書名&所提及頁數

    [空中英語叢書]

    新版 文法總動員(下)

    p.135

    內容如下:

    V.不完全及物動詞的補語

    說明:若名詞在不完全及物動詞之後當補語時,不加冠詞

    例:Tom was elected chairman of the committee.

    在此也謝謝回答的各位

  • 7 年前

    版主,請問 「名詞當不完全及物動詞的補語時,不加冠詞」 -- 書名? 作者?

    Tom was elected chairman of the committee. 是正確英語,但不是因為上面所說的原因。

    你要是告訴我們是哪本書,也許我們可以看看他到底在什麼情況下這麼說。

  • 7 年前

    In my opinion, you don't need to use verb to tell whether a noun needs an article. For example:

    2013-02-16 12:10:34 補充:

    chairman of the committee:

    "Committee" needs "the", because it is a specific one. "Chairman" can be any chairman in the past or in the future. Unless people want to specify x-th chairman, then you use "the x-th chairman".

    2013-02-16 12:12:16 補充:

    a kind-hearted neighbor:

    You can have many neighbors, and many of them are "kind-hearted". Hence, Joan is just ONE of the kind-hearted neighbors, not THE only one.

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