rik 發問時間： 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

# 英文句型 give

1. The thing that she gave was expensive.

The thing she gave was expensive.

2. The thing that she gave him was expensive.

The thing she gave him was expensive.

3. The thing that she gave to him was expensive.

The thing she gave to him was expensive

4. The thing which she gave was expensive.

The thing she gave was expensive.

5. The thing which she gave him was expensive.

The thing she gave him was expensive

6. The thing which she gave to him was expensive.

The thing she gave to him was expensive.

7 What she gave was expensive.

8 What she gave him was expensive.

9 What she gave to him was expensive.

10. It is an expensive thing which she gave .

It is an expensive thing she gave .

11. It is an expensive thing which she gave him.

It is an expensive thing she gave him.

12. It is an expensive thing which she gave to him.

It is an expensive thing she gave to him

13 It is an expensive thing that she gave .

It is an expensive thing she gave .

14. It is an expensive thing that she gave him.

It is an expensive thing she gave him.

15. It is an expensive thing that she gave to him.

It is an expensive thing she gave to him

### 1 個解答

• Louis
Lv 7
7 年前
最佳解答

1. The thing that she gave was expensive.

The thing she gave was expensive.

沒有出現間接受詞，表示是給了［我］或［我們］。關係代名詞that是子句的受詞時，可省略。兩句都正確。

但主要動詞用了過去式的was，表示這和目前的狀況不同，即在當時算貴的，但現在已經不算貴了。

2. The thing that she gave him was expensive.

The thing she gave him was expensive.

出現間接受詞，表示給了他。兩句都正確。

3. The thing that she gave to him was expensive.

The thing she gave to him was expensive.

兩句都不正確。不需要加介系詞to。只有［直接受詞］放在［間接受詞］前時才加介系詞to，如：she gave xxx to me。

4. The thing which she gave was expensive.

The thing she gave was expensive.

沒有間接受詞，表示給了［我］。which在此等於that，是關係代名詞當受詞，可省略。

5. The thing which she gave him was expensive.

The thing she gave him was expensive

兩句都正確。狀況同第二題。

6. The thing which she gave to him was expensive.

The thing she gave to him was expensive.

兩句同第三題，都不正確。不需要加to。

7 What she gave was expensive.

正確。是給了［我］或［我們］。

8 What she gave him was expensive.

正確。

9 What she gave to him was expensive.

不正確。不需要加to。

10. It is an expensive thing which she gave.

It is an expensive thing she gave.

兩句都不正確，因為it是虛主詞時，後面的delayed subject是一個名詞子句，但這裡的兩個子句是形容詞子句。應改寫成分裂句（cleft sentene）方式：It is an expensive thing that she gave me.或What she gave me is an expensive thing.

11. It is an expensive thing which she gave him.

It is an expensive thing she gave him.

兩句都不正確。主要原因同上。

12. It is an expensive thing which she gave to him.

It is an expensive thing she gave to him

兩句都不正確，主要原因同第10題。

13 It is an expensive thing that she gave .

It is an expensive thing she gave .

前一句正確。第二句不可省略that。

14. It is an expensive thing that she gave him.

It is an expensive thing she gave him.

前一句正確，第二句不可省略that。

15. It is an expensive thing that she gave to him.

It is an expensive thing she gave to him.

兩句都不需加介系詞to。

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