匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

請各位英文高手 幫我分析一下 這些句子的文法

In 2007 Ruth Creps, a resident of Idaho, was made redundant解雇 by her employer.

She applied for funds from the Federal Trade Adjustment Assistance programme,

a scheme计划体系 designed to help retrain workers who lost their jobs due to international trade competition.

請問這一句為什麼可用3個動詞 design and retrain help

—which is usually paid for by employers who are looking to train up their high potentials—instead of the full-time programme which cost just $14,000.

— — 這個線 代表強調嗎

2 個解答

評分
  • 7 年前
    最佳解答

    In 2007 Ruth Creps, a resident of Idaho, was made redundant by her employer.

    Ruth Creps 加逗點,後面有 a resident of Idaho,文法稱為同位語,補充說 Ruth Creps 是一個「居民」 resident 。之後介係詞片語 of Idaho 是當形容詞來修飾 resident,表示是 「Idaho 的」 居民。

    下句也有一個同位語,名詞後面有形容詞片語,不過這形容詞是過去分詞:

    She applied for funds from the Federal Trade Adjustment Assistance programme, a scheme designed to help retrain workers who lost their jobs due to international trade competition.

    [請問這一句為什麼可用3個動詞 design and retrain help]

    programme 逗點後面的 a scheme designed.... 是同位語,補充說明這個 programme 是一個 scheme 「方案計畫」。接著 designed 不是動詞,是過去分詞當形容詞修飾 scheme,表示這計畫是「設計來做什麼的。」 而這個 「來做什麼」 就是一個不定詞片語,這裡是 designed to help 「設計來協助」。協助什麼呢? help 後面再有一個不帶 to 的不定詞,也就是原形動詞 retain 「保留」。

    所以 designed to help retain workers 看起來雖有三個動詞,但其實是一個形容詞+兩個不定詞,表示 「設計來協助保留員工的」 scheme。

    —which is usually paid for by employers who are looking to train up their high potentials—instead of the full-time programme which cost just $14,000.

    [— — 這個線 代表強調嗎]

    子句前後都有—,一般是表示補充說明,好像中文前後有括弧 (.......) 一樣。

    2013-02-26 22:14:01 補充:

    版主,

    您選出最佳解答後,我重讀回答,發現我的疏忽,retrain 看成 retain。 特別跟您道歉!

    回答中凡是有寫 retain 「保留」 的地方,請更正為 retrain 「再訓練」。

    再次道歉!

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  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    1.這個問題主要測試對主動變被動式的句型。另外 ,a resident of Idaho, 及— which is usually paid for by employers who are looking to train up their high potentials— 和 ,a scheme designed to help retrain workers who lost their jobs due to international trade competition, 都是插入句做補充說明,刪除不影響句意

    2. 主動句型:S + Vt + O + OC

    In 2007 Her employer made Ruth Creps, a resident of Idaho redundant .

    變被動式句型:S +Vi + SC + Adv phrase

    In 2007 Ruth Creps, a resident of Idaho was made redundant by her employer .

    3.句型:S + Vt + O

    She applied for funds from the Federal Trade Adjustment Assistance programme,a scheme (which was) designed to help retrain workers who lost their jobs due to international trade competition(, 置於句尾省略).

    請問這一句為什麼可用3個動詞 designed to help (to省略)retrain,這裏to省略修辭也清楚些

    —which is usually paid for by employers who are looking to train up their high potentials—instead of the full-time programme which cost just $14,000.

    — — 這個線 代表插入句做補充說明

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