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superJeremy 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

such與such as詞性分析

Such當adj用(這樣的、此類的)As a matter of fact, such a thing is impossibleI think we'd better discuss such a matter in privateQ1:Such a thing與such a matter是一樣的意思嗎? 如果是哪句才比較適用,像是要講 什麼事呀是要說 What’s the matter? 還是what's the thing ? 還有要說 我不想討論此事了 是要翻 I don't want to discuss this thing 還是I don't want to discuss this matter.

Be cautious in doing such a matter(You should) be cautious in doing such a matter.Q2:是指省略you should,然後介系詞in後來動名詞doing such a matter. She has bought paper, pens, and other such stationery. Q3:Other已是代名詞了。而such是adj修飾stationery了,那other與stationery是兩個名詞共存,這樣文法沒有問題嗎? Q4:Such as是片語介系詞嗎? 它的詞性是怎樣,使用時要加逗號? 能否提供such as的詳盡用法。I know many languages, such as Japanese and English.I know many languages such as Japanese and English.

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    Q1:

    thing通常是指具體的東西,而matter則指事情,所以意思不同。

    What's the matter?=怎麼了?出了什麼問題?

    不會說成What's the thing?,而是What is that/this?(那是什麼東西?用指示代名詞that/this等。)

    It is a matter for regret.=那是令人遺憾的事。

    He is careless about money matters.=他對金錢方面的事情漫不經心。

    I don't want to discuss this matter.=我不想談這件事(不用代表東西的thing)

    通常discuss會搭配matter, issue, proposal, question, subject, topic等當受詞。

    Q2:沒看過to do a matter的說法,可能有語病。只見過It doesn't matter.但matter是當動詞用。

    如果寫成Be cautious in doing anything.是祈使語氣,省了助動詞should和主詞you。Q3:你這句裡的other是當形容詞,用來限定stationary,但形容詞other表示與前面不同,形容詞such表示與前面相同,所以other such stationery有邏輯問題,因為用兩個意思相反的形容詞修飾同一個名詞。Q4:Such as是片語介系詞嗎? 它的詞性是怎樣,使用時要加逗號? 能否提供such as的詳盡用法。

    such as=形容詞+介系詞

    所以應歸類成形容詞片語,用來帶出名詞當舉例(後面的名詞類似同位語):

    Poets such as Milton are rare.=Such poets as Milton are rare.

    No machine can work without a fuel such as coal or oil.

    Large and important projects such as this one often take years to develop.

    On such a day as today, it's hard to imagine that things will ever be normal again.

    但在as後面是子句的狀況時,as可能是[關係代名詞],如:

    Take from the linen closet such as you need.(as兼動詞need的受詞)

    Such of us as know her will deeply regret her death.(as兼動詞know的主詞)I know many languages such as Japanese and English.(不必加逗號在such前)

    參考資料: 遠東新世紀英漢辭典
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  • 7 年前

    Q1 : such a thing 就是「像這樣的事或物」;但是such a matter 只能解釋為「像這樣的事」,兩者有點不同吧

    「什麼事呀」用what’s the matter 會比what’ the thing 來的好

    「我不想討論此事了」也是用有matter 的那句比較好

    因為thing 比較偏向「物」的意思

    Q2 : you should 是「你應該-----」;in 是指「在-----方面上」

    因為in 是介係詞,所以後面要用V-ing

    Q3 : other 是「其他的」的意思,是形容詞,修飾stationery

    such 拿掉會比較通順

    Q4 : such as 就和 like 一樣的意思,作為「像是」解

    它不可能是介係詞,為動詞片語,使用時後面不用加逗號

    I know many languages,such as Japanese and English .就是一個很好的例句。

    另外,such as = like = as .

    感謝,很高興為您解答~

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