匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

英文句型結構及文法問題

1.That created a gulf between his government and those who found themselves kept outside the power structure, just as has been the case in the China that evolved from his defeat after 1949.

想請問逗號後的as式作為連接詞用嗎 因為後面無連接主詞 直接加動詞has 而非分詞

另外這句也是相同的問題 But, as is the case today, the rewards of such progress were spread very unevenly among China's huge population.

2.Noting prior research finding that women who expect to be employed full-time on their own put less emphasis on a man’s “provider” qualities, the authors write......

Noting finding 我知道為分詞 主詞即為authors 不過為什麼research跟finding中間不能加and呢

The telltale genetic material they used is known as mitochondrial DNA , which

changes little over the generations and is passed on only by egg cells.

而這句我想請問 假如which 這段形容詞子句變形容詞片語 會變成怎樣 and要留著嗎 且原題目句子 和補充這句子狀況相同嗎

3.However, the authors note that even the most egalitarian countries in the world are equally as far from perfect equality as they are from the level of inequality seen in the countries that score worst on this measure.

請問後面as they are from開始 是否省略了far 且seen是被動式 指they are seen 而they一樣為country意思嗎 不太了解結構

已更新項目:

感謝 Louis大師解惑

不過最後一個問題 我還有一點疑問 就是說 they are from the level of inequality為一個子句 而seen是分詞 用來修飾名詞 inequality 而that score worst on this measure是形容 前面countries 不知這樣解釋對不對

2 個已更新項目:

另外關於你解釋的形容詞子句述部 我了解了

不過這句

Japan orchestrated a campaign to defeat the proposal, approaching the conference determined not to address the problem.

為什麼逗號后 approaching跟determined 2句子間為什麼不用加and呢 我知道都是

用來形容Japan

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    1.That created a gulf between his government and those who found themselves kept outside the power structure, just as has been the case in the China that evolved from his defeat after 1949.

    想請問逗號後的as式作為連接詞用嗎 因為後面無連接主詞 直接加動詞has 而非分詞

    as在這裡是當[關係代名詞]用,是has been的主詞,有的文法書稱之為[準關係代名詞],它代表前面全句的內容。

    另外這句也是相同的問題 But, as is the case today, the rewards of such progress were spread very unevenly among China's huge population.

    和上一句的狀況相同,as也是[關係代名詞],代表後面主要子句的全部內容。

    2.Noting prior research finding that women who expect to be employed full-time on their own put less emphasis on a man’s “provider” qualities, the authors write......

    Noting finding 我知道為分詞 主詞即為authors 不過為什麼research跟finding中間不能加and呢

    因為noting的位階比後面的finding高,noting xxx是用來修飾主句的述部,屬於副詞性質,而finding xxx是修飾先行詞research,屬於形容詞性質。

    The telltale genetic material they used is known as mitochondrial DNA , which

    changes little over the generations and is passed on only by egg cells.

    而這句我想請問 假如which 這段形容詞子句變形容詞片語 會變成怎樣 and要留著嗎 且原題目句子 和補充這句子狀況相同嗎

    因為這個形容詞子句有兩個述部,用對等連接詞and相連,表示兩者同樣重要,將這個形容詞子句改成片語時,還是要保持原來的關係:...changing little over the generatiosn and passed on only by egg cells.

    這個形容詞子句的先行詞是mitochondrial DNA,用逗號是因為修飾語屬於非限定的關係,改成片語時,還是要用逗號與先行詞隔開。

    3.However, the authors note that even the most egalitarian countries in the world are equally as far from perfect equality as they are from the level of inequality seen in the countries that score worst on this measure.

    請問後面as they are from開始 是否省略了far 且seen是被動式 指they are seen 而they一樣為country意思嗎 不太了解結構

    as far from ... as they are from ...是兩個as連接起來在做[同等類比]。

    本句的邏輯關係是:A is as far from B as A is from C.

    其中A=the most eglitarian coutries

    B = perfet equality

    C = inequality

    2013-03-10 17:52:28 補充:

    seen是分詞(過去分詞表示被動,修飾的名詞是其邏輯上的受詞),用來修飾其前面的名詞片語the level of inequality,而形容詞子句that score worst on this measure是修飾其前面countries

    2013-03-10 18:05:21 補充:

    approaching the conference是副詞性質的分詞構句,修飾的對象是述部orchestrated a campaign,你在它的前面加上while就可以明白。它在邏輯上的主詞是Japan。

    determined not to address the problem是形容詞性質的分詞片語,修飾的對象是先行詞conference。它在邏輯上的受詞是conferene。

    因為這兩個片語不對等,所以不能用對等連接詞相連。

    我的回答己經超過系統上限,只能在意見欄回應。

    2013-03-10 20:16:50 補充:

    The conference was determined not to address the problem

    ... the conference (which was) determined not to address the problem

    這是分詞與先行詞的關係

    approach = to deal with a situation

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