博翔 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

中高級文法問題

請教一下各位

1.His most famous poem is Demain, des l’aube(明天的黎明), _____

Hugo describes visiting his favorite daughter’s grave after hearing of her accidental death

a. in which

b. which

請問哪個正確??

為什麼??

2.Sparking major tourism in France and the need for preserving pre-Renaissance architecture, The Hunchback of Notre-Dame was Hugo’s first full-length novel

Sparking major tourism in France and the need for preserving pre-Renaissance architecture

在文法觀點上屬於同位語還是說是當副詞修飾後面整句???

3 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    1.His most famous poem is Demain, des l’aube(明天的黎明), _____

    Hugo describes visiting his favorite daughter’s grave after hearing of

    her accidental death.

    a. in which

    b. which

    正解: a. in which

    which的先行詞就是這首詩Demain des l'aube

    我們知道, 關代必須在關係子句中擔任主詞或受詞的角色;

    關係子句主詞是Hugo, 動詞是describes, 受詞是動名詞片語"visiting his....death", 也就是說, 關係子句SVO完整, 關代只能另覓角色, 以「介系詞+關代」的結構作為地方副詞片語, 亦即關代擔任的是介系詞的受詞"in which", 意思是「在其中」, 方可使語意通順, 是為正解.

    in which = where 表地方, 故這個空格也可填where.

    2.Sparking major tourism in France and the need for preserving

    pre-Renaissance architecture, The Hunchback of Notre-Dame was

    Hugo’s first full-length novel.

    Sparking major tourism in France and the need for preserving pre-Renaissance architecture

    在文法觀點上屬於同位語還是說是當副詞修飾後面整句???

    這是分詞構句, 文法上是副詞性質, 修飾整個主句或其述部, 而不會是名詞性質的同位語.

    2013-03-16 10:55:20 補充:

    2.

    這個分詞構句的意思是:

    激發出法國的主要觀光業以及保留先文藝復興時期建築風格的必要性, ......

    作為主句的背景原因.

    2013-03-16 20:11:17 補充:

    >所以原句是

    >The Hunchback of Notre-Dame sparked major tourism in France and the need

    >for preserving pre-Renaissance architecture

    >是嗎???

    沒錯, 分詞構句的主詞通常是與主句的主詞相同

    時態也相同, 你這樣改寫是正確的.

    2013-03-16 20:11:25 補充:

    全句可以用同位語改寫如下:

    The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, Hugo’s first full-length novel, sparked major tourism in France and the need for preserving pre-Renaissance architecture.

    2013-03-16 20:16:08 補充:

    >Prior to joining Walero, Dr. Brown was CEO of Decker Materials, where he

    >reduced expenses by almost a third in his four-year tenure.

    >先行詞是CEO of Decker Materials,為何還是用in which???

    先行詞是Decker Materials(公司名)才對.

    用where或in which皆可.

    2013-03-16 22:09:30 補充:

    是的, 那題也是一樣的觀念.

    2013-03-25 17:42:34 補充:

    Q1:請問此段的第一段為何用As開頭代表啥意思???

    as視介系詞, 「介+名」形成副詞片語

    as : 作為;

    Q2.Jean Valjean後面可以直接寫 a former......是否少了(who is) a former......??

    有who is是關係子句(形容詞子句), 沒who is就是同位語(名詞片語)

    兩者皆正確.

    但要注意: 若加who is, 後面那個who要改用that, 避免重複.

    2013-03-25 17:49:46 補充:

    Q3

    The story begins in 1815 with Valjean being released from prison after 19 years

    我改寫成

    The story with Valjean being released from prison after 19 years begins in 1815

    請問兩句是否無差別???

    這樣改寫不妥, 因為begins是與with搭配的, 意思是「以xxx開始; 以xxx揭開序幕」, 若把begins搬到後面, 無法表達這個語意.

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
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  • 7 年前

    請問知識長羅莉

    Sparking major tourism in France and the need for preserving

    pre-Renaissance architecture

    所以原句是

    The Hunchback of Notre-Dame sparked major tourism in France and the need for preserving pre-Renaissance architecture

    是嗎???

    2013-03-16 19:58:17 補充:

    還有我從TOEIC裡遇到的考題

    Prior to joining Walero, Dr. Brown was CEO of Decker Materials, where he reduced expenses by almost a third in his four-year tenure.

    先行詞是CEO of Decker Materials,為何還是用in which???

    2013-03-16 20:46:45 補充:

    所以跟我發問的

    His most famous poem is Demain, des l’aube(明天的黎明.........

    觀念是一樣的??

    2013-03-25 13:09:11 補充:

    羅莉知識長....請教一下

    1.As one of the longest novels of all time, it is hard to summarize Les Miserables(悲慘故事)

    in only a few sentences. The story centers around Jean Valjean, a former convict who changes his life to keep his promises

    2013-03-25 13:09:32 補充:

    Q1:請問此段的第一段為何用As開頭代表啥意思???

    Q2.Jean Valjean後面可以直接寫 a former......是否少了(who is) a former......???

    The story begins in 1815 with Valjean being released from prison after 19 years

    我改寫成

    The story with Valjean being released from prison after 19 years begins in 1815

    Q3.請問兩句是否無差別???

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    本人認同羅莉大師的解釋。

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