博翔 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

中高級文法問題

我閱讀了一篇關於Les Miserables(悲慘世界)的一篇短文

所以想請教一下.....

1.As one of the longest novels of all time, it is hard to summarize Les Miserables

in only a few sentences. The story centers around Jean Valjean, a former convict who changes his life to keep his promises

Q1:請問此段的第一段為何用As開頭代表啥意思???

2.The story centers around Jean Valjean, a former convict who changes his life to keep his promises

Q2.為何描述Jean Valjean後面可以直接寫 a former......

3.The story begins in 1815 with Valjean being released from prison after 19 years

我改寫成

The story with Valjean being released from prison after 19 years begins in 1815

Q3.請問兩句是否無差別???

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    1.As one of the longest novels of all time, it is hard to summarize Les Miserables

    in only a few sentences. The story centers around Jean Valjean, a former convict who changes his life to keep his promises

    Q1:請問此段的第一段為何用As開頭代表啥意思???

    as在這裡是as it is簡約的寫法,在主詞與主句的主詞相同,且用的是be動詞時,可以將主詞和be動詞略去,原來的副詞子句只剩下連接詞as和主詞補語。在意義上:as = because。

    2.The story centers around Jean Valjean, a former convict who changes his life to keep his promises

    Q2.為何描述Jean Valjean後面可以直接寫 a former......

    a former convict是Jean Valjean的同位語,former意思是[前],表示這只是以前的狀況,現在己不是了。如前總統,就會寫作:the former president。

    3.The story begins in 1815 with Valjean being released from prison after 19 years

    我改寫成

    The story with Valjean being released from prison after 19 years begins in 1815

    Q3.請問兩句是否無差別???

    begins ... with...是有關係的,在本句的意思是釋放是主角Valjean這個人故事的起點,時間在1815年。你把with片語直接用去修飾主詞,不但句意與原句不合,語法也有問題。需寫成:The story of Valjean's being released from prison after 19 years begins in 1815.但內容已變成一個在1815年Valjean 被釋放的故事了(故事範圍縮減了)。

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  • Shuang
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    1. As 解釋成“如同”,

    2. The story centers around Jean Vaijean, (who is) a former................

    省略了 who is,

    3. 動詞 begins + 年代 in 1815 是敘述性,不可以移動到句尾,只有副詞可以‧

    參考資料: me
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  • 7 年前

    1. as "身為..."

    例句-- As a student, I need to study hard.

    2.原句 ....., who is a former convict....

    "who is"....常常會被省略

    3.只是前後對調,所以沒問題

    但是"with Valjean being released from prison after 19 years begins"太長了

    主句The story begins in 1815. 很短

    除了方便閱讀外,也在強調 1815 這個時間點

    參考資料: 自己
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