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發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

分詞構句句型

我在一篇文章看到一個句子

The scooter taxiz, which are painted bright green, are not noly environmentlly friendly, but they are relatively cheap as well, costing less than NT$100 for each ride to anywhere in Amsterdam.

請問這裡的,(which are) costing.....,這廣播上講解的省略which are用法, 那就是說costing的主詞是the scooter taxis,而costing分詞片語來修飾主詞the scooter taxis,但我在賴氏英文文法這本書(p105)裡看到,非限定修飾用法的形容詞子句,即便關係代名詞為主詞,通常亦不可簡化為分片.--->如果是這樣的話,那這句子costing可以用分片嗎?

想請問這句型要怎麼解釋呢?

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    這裡的costing...應是副詞性質的[分詞構句],因為它提供的是the scooter taxis之所以relatively cheap的原因。它不是用來修飾名詞scooter taxi的分詞片語(形容詞性質),而是修飾述部are relative cheap。所以如改寫成子句,會成為副詞子句:...but they are relatively heap as well because they cost less than NT$100 for each ride to anywhere in Amsterdaym.

    2013-03-28 17:12:08 補充:

    (1)原句應是非限定用法,which contains vitamin A and D來修飾主要子句的受詞?

    是的。修飾milk。

    (2)想請問非限定修飾可以化簡為分片來形容主要子句的受詞嗎?反推,也可以來形容主要子句的主詞嗎?

    是把形容詞子句簡化成分詞片語。而且要放在其修飾的主詞或受詞後面。

    2013-03-28 17:17:09 補充:

    The car being fixed by John is mine.

    being fixed by John就是修飾主詞的分詞片語。

    但I found my library card buried under a pile of papers.

    這裡的buried under a pile of papers 是當受詞補語的分詞片語,不是修飾語。

    2013-03-29 10:07:52 補充:

    應該會說成: I met John, and he tole me that he loved Mary.

    這樣才能避免語病,而且時態正確。

    分詞片語通常是用在書寫的文體裡,口語不會這樣說的。

    2013-03-29 10:12:04 補充:

    副詞性修飾語如果有兩種可能修飾的對象時,要改寫,才能避免語病。

    He said this afternoon he'd call me. (this afternoon不確定是said或call的時間)

    This afternoon, he said he'd call me. (時間是said的)

    He said he'd call me this afternoon. (時間是call的)

    2013-03-29 10:13:37 補充:

    形容詞性質的修飾語,單字放名詞前面,片語和子句放後面。位置比較確定。但副詞性的修飾語因為可以在句中移動,所以要小心。

    2013-03-29 10:15:00 補充:

    They soon decided to leave.

    和They decided to leave soon.

    兩句的意思不同,因為to leave也可以接受副詞soon的修飾。

    2013-03-29 12:13:41 補充:

    當修飾語的適用對象有兩個時,就會造成問題。

    文法正確之外,還要顧到語意的邏輯是否合理,而且不能造成節外生枝,讓讀者有機會做不同的解讀。這就是法律用語極為嚴謹的原因。

    2013-03-29 16:34:59 補充:

    ...they are relatively cheap as well, costing less than NT$100 for each ride to anywhere in Amsterdam.

    分詞構句在邏輯上的主詞和主句的主詞相同,所以才不必寫出來。

    John running a red traffic light, a policeman arrested him.

    running的主詞是John,不是policeman,必須寫出來。

    2013-03-29 16:35:52 補充:

    Running a red traffic light, a policeman arrested John.

    running的主詞是policeman,不必寫出來。

    2013-03-29 16:42:01 補充:

    口語時會說成:John ran a red traffic light, and a policeman arrested him.

    分詞構句和分詞片語通常是書面用語,可讓句子精簡(如對等句或複雜句變成簡單句)。口語則會換方式來說,把簡單句講成對等句,把句子的長度變得較短。

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  • 7 年前

    應該是which are painted bright green這個關係子句來修飾The scooter taxiz,

    but they are relatively....是對等子句,costing less than ...是分詞片語來修飾

    they這個主詞才對吧!~!

    參考資料: 自己的想法
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  • 7 年前

    請問Louis,

    In the morning we usually have milk, containing vitamin A and D.

    這裡的分詞片語containing vitamin A and D用來修飾MILK,

    (1)原句應是非限定用法,which contains vitamin A and D來休是主要子句的受詞?

    (2)想請問非限定修飾可以化簡為分片來形容主要子句的受詞嗎?反推,也可以來形容主要子句的主詞嗎?

    2013-03-28 18:02:42 補充:

    Hi Louis,

    請問一下

    I meet John, who said that he love Mary.

    請問這句後面改成分片可以嗎?

    I meet John, saying that he love Mary.

    這樣會造成saying不知道是用來修飾John or I.

    2013-03-28 18:05:54 補充:

    Hi Louis,

    如題所問到的句子

    The scooter taxiz, which are painted bright green, are not noly environmentlly friendly, but they are relatively cheap as well, costing less than NT$100 for each ride to anywhere in Amsterdam.

    2013-03-28 18:06:31 補充:

    Hi Louis,

    接續上面提到的

    句型是

    S,形容詞子句,V+O,分片

    如果這句是用這種句型的話,後面的分片可以用來修飾前面主要子句的主詞?

    會不會這個分片也可以用來修飾主要子句的受詞呢(因為分片就在主要子句的前面)?

    2013-03-29 11:39:00 補充:

    Hi Louis,

    (1)In the morning we usually have milk, containing vitamin A and D.

    (2)I met John, saying that he loves Mary.

    請問(1) and (2)都是相同的句型,為什麼(1)就可以用分片形容主要子句的受詞;而(2)就不能用分片來修飾主要子句的受詞??

    這是因為(2) 會讓句意不清楚嗎??和因為(1)的主詞和受詞一個是人一個是物,所以讓看句子的人容易分辨出後面的分片在修飾物還是人?

    2013-03-29 16:26:38 補充:

    Hi Louis,

    (1)In the morning we usually have milk, containing vitamin A and D.

    請問(1)的文法和語意都是正確的?

    (2)I met John, saying that he loves Mary.

    請問(2)文法正確?,但語意會讓人混淆?

    2013-03-29 16:27:07 補充:

    Hi Louis,

    接續上個問題

    (3)The scooter taxiz, which are painted bright green, are not noly environmentlly friendly, but they are relatively cheap as well, costing less than NT$100 for each ride to anywhere in Amsterdam.

    2013-03-29 16:27:28 補充:

    Hi Louis,

    接續上個問題

    請問(3)如果costing less....這句是由,(which cost)--->costing改變來的,那這邊的分片會造成誤會,找不到這分片的主詞?這句文法是正確的嗎?

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