阿印 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

英文副詞用法

各位達人好

我想請教一下副詞的觀念跟問題

我對副詞的觀念就是

修飾adj 、 adv , 放在句首、句尾 、動詞前面

僅此而已

所以看到有些例句在我的觀念之外就會馬上很困惑為什麼這裡是副詞

ex . There is substantially no difference in the quality of food served in first class

and in economy class.

想請問這邊為什麼是用 substantially 呢?

希望可以再幫忙舉其他例句讓我更了解一下,謝謝各位的幫忙!

4 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    我常說一句話 "Languages is alive." 語言是活的,所以有時候對於英文絕對不能只是死背,包括解釋、句型、詞性都是喔!

    副詞有分成很多種

    1. 性狀與程度副詞:now, very, really well, therefore, yes, no, yet, already, etc.

    2. 頻率副詞:always (99%), usually (80%), often (50%), sometimes,occasionally (30%),

    seldom, rarely (5%), hardly, scarcely (1%) never (0%)

    3. 疑問副詞:When? Where? How? Why?

    4. 關係副詞:when, where, how, why (副詞子句)

    5. 複合關係副詞:whatever, wherever, however

    一般副詞可以拿來修飾動詞、形容詞、副詞、名詞,甚至包括修飾句子、片語及子句的意思。

    1.修飾V – You can play basketball skillfully.

    2.修飾adj. – You are so handsome.

    3.(程度adv.)修飾adv – The car was drove so fast.

    4. 修飾N – Even a child can make it.

    5. 修飾全句 – Maybe he will come back tomorrow.

    6. 修飾片語 – He arrived at the station approximately at 2:00 p.m.

    7. 修飾子句 – He started soon after we came.

    頻率副詞就只是在表示你的頻率高低

    e.g.

    I always go to school by my foot.

    I seldom use the cellphone.

    疑問副詞就是放在句首,表達你想要問的東西

    e.g.

    Why don't you go home now?

    What do you do?

    關係副詞,是用來引導在句子中的副詞子句

    e.g.

    I don't know where I ought to go.

    I love what you love.

    複合關係副詞也是來引導副詞子句

    e.g.

    Wherever you go, I will go with you.

    I would like to meet you whenever you are willing to.

    副詞的位置可在句首句尾,動詞前後其實都是可以的!!

    致於這個例句呢?

    There is substantially no difference in the quality of food served in first class

    and in economy class.

    substantially的意思有本質上, 實質上; 相當多地, 大大地; 大體上...etc.

    在這裡可以翻成"基本上"比較通順,整句的意思是"基本上,食物的品質並不會因在頭等艙或經濟艙而有所區別"

    不過為什麼要用substantially,其實像我一開始說的,語言是活的,所以很難說為什麼,只要意思是合理的、解釋的過去的,其實ˋ都是對的

    2013-04-08 18:43:51 補充:

    對了!!

    跟你說一下,舉例是for example,沒有人再用e.x.的!!

    至於e.g.也是舉例,是拉丁文 exempli gratia 的縮寫喔!!

    ^^

    參考資料: 自己以及網路
  • 8 年前

    【英文語法教學】副詞的種類、用法和位置

    作者:翻譯   加入時間:2009-7-19   點擊次數::9285 次

    副詞在句子中修飾動詞、形容詞、副詞或整個句子。用來表示時間、場所、狀態及程度。

    1.副詞的用法

    He studies hard. 他用功讀書。

    His mother is very glad. 他母親很高興。

    He works hard.(副詞修飾動詞)

    他努力工作。

    You are quite right.(修飾形容詞)

    你相當正確。

    He parked the car very easily.(修飾副詞)

    他很容易地把汽車停放好了。

    Unfortunately he was out.(修飾整個句子)

    很不巧,他出去了。

    2.作定語

    有時少數地點副詞和時間副詞可以作定語,放在所修飾詞的後邊。

    注意: 副詞作定語時和介詞短語作定語一樣,一律後置。

    3.作表語

    作表語的副詞多數是表示位置的,如in, out,on,back, down,up,off,away,upstairs.

    He is in. 他在家。

    What’s on this evening? 今晚演什麼節目?

    I must be off now. 我現在必須走了。

    4.作賓語補足語

    Let them in. 讓他們進來。

    We saw her off two days ago. 兩天前我們為她送行。

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  • 8 年前

    淨悅言:

    副詞是加在形容詞前的

    主詞:你 我 他 你們 我們 他們 大家 牠們 we it

    動詞:跑 走 行 動件 演 run see look

    名詞:戲 電腦 音箱 手 腳 頭 bed hair

    形容詞:好 美 醜 惡 精緻 good bad

    副詞:特別 極度 最 very much

  • 8 年前

    "substantially"=a substantial amount of food, considerable, sizeable, worthwhile in food value's worth.

    The Classification of Adverbs according to Meaning:-----

    (1)How an action was done:-eg:-

    The little boy behaved badly.

    (2)Adverb express when an action is done are Adverb of Time:-eg:-

    Call me early; I want to see the sunrise outside the train.

    (3)Adverb express where an action is done are Adverb of Place:-eg:-

    I SHALL STAND HERE.

    (4)Adverb express "To What Extent","To what degree":-eg:-

    The food is very bad.

    That's all right.

    (5)Interrogative Adverbs used in Questions,eg:-

    When are you going away?

    Where are you viewing now?

    How did you eat here?

    Why did you say the food is no good?

    (6)Adverbs of Affirmation Yes,certainly,never,etc.eg:-

    Do you know about the food? Yes.

    Will you pay for me? Certainly.

    Will you do what he wants? Never!

    (7)Adverb of quantity:-eg:-

    John works very little ; not nearly as much as James.

    (8)Relative adverbs when and where to introduce a clause:-eg;-

    I remember the day when (=on which)you told me the bad food on trains.

    That is the train-room where (=in which) I travelled.

    Other adverbs and adverbials can be used in front,middle, or end positions:-fortunately,especially,possibly, really, certainly, merely, mostly, simply, anyhow, about, however, indeed, altogether, not, no doubt, of course, at least, at once.Hope you're successful.

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