小圈 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

toeic question

Patty expressed her gratitude for ___d___made to the charitable fund by her generous coworkers.

(a)contribute

(b)contributing

(c)contributed

(d)contributions

為何b不行呢?

The inaccurate specifications _b_____into the computer resulted in defective merchandise produced on the assemble line.

(a)program

(b)programmed

(c)were programmed

可以解釋為甚麼c不行嗎

There were several applicants__d__to be interviewed when the power went out.

(a)wait

(b)were waiting

(c)have been waiting

(d)who were waiting

b不行嗎?

How the products were removed from a locked warehouse remained a ___c____question.

(a)trouble

(b)troubled

(c)troubling

(d)troubles

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    1. Patty expressed her gratitude for ___d___made to the charitable fund by her generous coworkers.

    (a)contribute

    (b)contributing

    (c)contributed

    (d)contributions

    為何b不行呢?

    本句的語意邏輯是:Patty's coworkers made some contributions to the charitable fund. She expressed her gratitude for what they had done.

    contributing如填入空格,因為前有介系詞for,它應屬動名詞。動名詞是動詞衍生的詞類,我們必須去看這個動詞的原來意思和用法。因為contribute當動詞時,會寫成:one contributes something to something或one contributes to something意思才完整。所以動名詞conbributing應有自己的主詞 和受詞,(或加上to再接名詞當受詞 ),但空格前後均未提供。動名詞的主詞在邏輯上是句子的主詞時,才不提供主詞(用所有格),但顯然主詞應是Patty's coworkers,而不是Patty。需寫成:Patty expressed her gratitude for her coworkers' contributing to the charitable fund .

    所以不能放動名詞(B) contributing。

    2. The inaccurate specifications _b_____into the computer resulted in defective merchandise produced on the assemble line.

    (a)program

    (b)programmed

    (c)were programmed

    可以解釋為甚麼c不行嗎

    因為這句的主要動詞是resulted,如果選C,動詞就多出一組了。

    題目裡的紅字 是主要結構,黑字是兩個當修飾語的分詞片語,各自修飾前面的名詞specifications和merchandise

    3. There were several applicants __d__to be interviewed when the power went out.

    (a)wait

    (b)were waiting

    (c)have been waiting

    (d)who were waiting

    b不行嗎?

    主要子句的部分是紅字,動詞是were,如選B,這組動詞就破壞了句子結構。狀況同上一題。只能在空格處加上一個關係子句當修飾語,所以只能選D。

    4. How the products were removed from a locked warehouse remained a ___c____question.

    (a)trouble

    (b)troubled

    (c)troubling

    (d)troubles

    在不定冠詞a與名詞question之間,你只能選一個有形容詞功能的詞類當其修飾語,即選現在分詞troubing,因為question是令人麻煩的,要用有主動意思的現在分詞。

    2013-04-01 22:18:55 補充:

    Patty expressed her gratitude for her coworkers' contributing a lot of money to the charitable fun.

    這裡的動名詞contributing自及物動詞衍生。因為contribute可當及物或不及物動詞使用,所以衍生成動名詞時,會保有原來的動詞特性。 .

  • 7 年前

    第一題是指contributions (which were made) to the charitable fund by her generous coworkers

    如果選contributing的話,就在沒連接詞的情形下多了made這個動詞,而也無法順利解釋

    第二題這整句的動詞是resulted

    整句話可看成The inaccurate specifications (which are) programmed into the computer resulted in.......

    第三題如果選(b)的話就會在一個句子中出現兩格be動詞(也就是"were"),所以要改成具有連結詞特性的先行詞"who"

    其實前三句的問題都是相近的

    請記住一個觀念:一句sentence中只能有一個動詞,如果出現第二個的話要用連接詞連接亦或是改成像是這三句的"分詞格式"

    第四題則是以形容詞來修飾名詞

    a "troubling" question一個麻煩的問題

    延伸:an annoying sound一個惱人的聲音

    參考資料: 希望有幫助到你 ps. 我多益965 對準備多益方面有問題可以再請教我
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。