名仕 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

He chose not to reply.文法問題

choose選擇

例句:He chose not to reply.

我的問題是否定句不是要加助動詞嗎?He didn't choose to reply.不懂為什麼可以像例句那樣子寫,有例句讓我學習嗎?

2 個解答

評分
  • 7 年前
    最佳解答

    兩種說法都可以,但是重點不一樣。

    He chose not to reply

    他選擇“不回應” -- 重點在他做了什麼選擇。在此句中,主詞是He,動詞是肯定的chose,接受動作的受詞是not to reply.

    He did not choose to reply

    他“不選擇”回應 -- 重點在與他是否做了選擇。在此句中,主詞是He,動詞是否定的did not choose,接受動作的受詞仍是to reply.

    所以,他沒有回應是“引申的意思”(implied meaning) -- 他沒有做出回應的選擇;而不是明顯的意思(explicit meaning ) -- 他不回應.

  • 7 年前

    auxiliary verb:-used to form the expanded present and past tenses eg:-Didn't he choose-----

    he did choose-----

    He didn't choose----

    He didn't choose to reply. (past)

    Verb substitute:-in a question phrase, answer, or comment, replacing the verb in a preceding statement;-eg:-

    He chooses (present)

    He chose (past)

    He chose not (past tense)

    He chose not to reply.(present to past.)

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