San 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

請問有人知道這幾段的英文意思嗎?

(1) Declines in consumer demand, financial panics, and misguided government policies caused economic output to fall in the U.S, while the gold standard, which linked nearly all the countries of the world in a network of fixed currency exchange rates, played a key role in transmitting the American downtown to other countries.

(2)As incomes increased, people began to spend more. As they spent more, the multiplier effect would take over and expand the effect on the initial spending.

(3) Liberalization of trade in the 19th century is often called "the First Era of Globalization" , a period characterized by rapid growth in international trade and investment, between the European imperial powers, their colonies, and, later the U.S.

求各位大大幫忙~~

1 個解答

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  • Jerry
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    (1) Declines in consumer demand, financial panics, and misguided government policies caused economic output to fall in the U.S, while the gold standard, which linked nearly all the countries of the world in a network of fixed currency exchange rates, played a key role in transmitting the American downtown to other countries.

    (2)As incomes increased, people began to spend more. As they spent more, the multiplier effect would take over and expand the effect on the initial spending.

    (3) Liberalization of trade in the 19th century is often called "the First Era of Globalization" , a period characterized by rapid growth in international trade and investment, between the European imperial powers, their colonies, and, later the U.S. (1)儘管消費者需求衰退、財務恐慌以及政府策略誤導,造成了美國經濟輸出總量下滑,但是在固定匯率網路上,那幾乎連結世界上所有國家的黃金標準,卻在美國城市中心到其他國家間傳送,扮演了舉足輕重的角色。(2)當收入增加,人們開始消費更多。隨著他們消費更多,加乘效應就會接手,有擴大初始消費的作用。(3)19世紀的貿易自由化,通常稱作”全球化的第一個紀元”,這個時期的特色是在歐洲強權、其殖民地 以及後來的美國之間的國際貿易及投資之快速成長。

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