VIC3000 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

請幫我看一下這個句子的文法

I am afraid that I won't be able to meet you on Saturday.

請問一下:

I 為名詞當主詞

be為連綴動詞

afraid 為形容詞當主詞補語

那that I won't be able to meet you on Saturday為名詞子句當????????

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    I am afraid of your dog.是一般的寫法。

    但that子句不受介系詞的約束,所以形容詞afraid後面的介系詞of遭強制刪除成:

    I am afraid that your dog will bite me.

    在邏輯上這個子句是原介系詞的受詞,所以屬[名詞子句]。

    有的文法學家稱這個子句為adjective complement,因為補形容詞語義的不足。

    在形容詞afraid, angry, aware, centain, happy, proud, sad, sorry, amused, annoyed, astonished, convinced, pleased, shocked後面的介系詞在接that子句時,都會將介系詞刪去。

    動詞warn也有類似現象:

    He warned me of their wicked design.

    I warn you that it is dangerous.

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