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匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

文法高手請近

7. It was quite likely that the President(( )) in to the intense lobbying from pressure groups

a. has given b. had given c. should give d. should be giving 答案 B

Q: 這題怎麼判斷? 題意是甚麼??

8. We were taught at school that the Pilgrim Fathers(( )) on Plymouth Rock in Massachusetts.

a. landed b. have landed c. had landed d. had been landed. 答案A

Q:這題B不行嗎?

9. Some of the details need(( )) before we submit the report for approval.

a. clarify b. clarifying c. be clarified d. being clarified

Q:這題答案是甚麼? 意思?

10. Dr. Schneider has been engaged in(( )) for ten years.

a. making cancer research b. many cancer researches c. a cancer research d. cancer research

Q:答案是D 請問A為什麼不行?

Q: the variety of +複數名詞跟 A bag of +複數名詞時,動詞是單數還是複數?

3 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    7. It was quite likely that the President(( )) in to the intense lobbying from pressure groups

    a. has given b. had given c. should give d. should be giving 答案 B

    Q: 這題怎麼判斷? 題意是甚麼??

    It was quite likely + that子句 : 表推測, 但不是假設語氣

    因主要動詞是過去式, 推測更早的過去, 故用過去完成式.

    give in : 讓步; 妥協

    lobbying : 遊說; 施壓

    pressure group : 壓力團體; 抗爭團體

    很有可能總統已對壓力團體的強力遊說做出讓步了.

    8. We were taught at school that the Pilgrim Fathers(( )) on Plymouth Rock in Massachusetts.

    a. landed b. have landed c. had landed d. had been landed. 答案A

    Q:這題B不行嗎?

    B是絕對錯誤的, 因為主要動詞時間背景是過去式were taught, 其受詞子句不可能使用「到現在為止」的現在完成式.

    我們知道, 過去二動作, 一般文法是在前者用過去完成式, 在後者用過去式.

    不過, 規則都有例外:

    1) 受詞子句是歷史事實或事件時, 要用過去式,

    例如「哥倫布於1492年發現新大陸」、「美國於1776年7月4日發表獨立宣言」、....以及本句.

    2) 受詞子句是真理、定律或不變的事實時, 要用現在式.

    例: We were taught at school that the earth moves round the sun.

    這二種例外其實是可以理解的, 因為它們都不是在日常生活中所謂「一前一後」有關聯的動作.

    9. Some of the details need(( )) before we submit the report for approval.

    a. clarify b. clarifying c. be clarified d. being clarified

    Q:這題答案是甚麼? 意思?

    英文有些動詞後面的受詞動名詞Ving是「主動表被動涵意」的, 這類動詞不多, 但至少要記牢五個: need, want, require, deserve, be worth等.

    這樣本題就是送分題了.

    這類動詞 + Ving = 這磊動詞 + to be Vpp

    need clarifying = need to be clarified

    require washing = require to be washed

    deserve remembering = deserve to be remembered

    is worth visiting = is worth to be visited

    10. Dr. Schneider has been engaged in(( )) for ten years.

    a. making cancer research b. many cancer researches c. a cancer research d. cancer research

    Q:答案是D 請問A為什麼不行?

    be engaged in (從事於)這個片語已含有「做」的意思, 不需要接making, 直接接名詞即可.

    Q: the variety of +複數名詞跟 A bag of +複數名詞時,動詞是單數還是複數?

    the variety of +複數名詞 :

    邏輯主詞是variety, 搭配單數動詞.

    a variety of +複數名詞 :

    邏輯主詞是of後面的複數名詞, 搭配複數動詞; 但邏輯主詞可理解為variety時, 也可搭配單數動詞.

    例如:

    The variety of his writing was astonishing. 他作品的多種多樣令人驚訝。

    A variety of books have been published. 出版了各種各樣的書

    A variety of reasons were [was] offered for the long delay. 為這次長時間的耽擱提供了各種各樣的理由。

    a bag of +複數名詞時 :

    of前面是單位時, 邏輯主詞是of後面的複數名詞, 搭配複數動詞.

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
  • 8 年前

    7. given in 是片語,解屈服。

    所以題意是:看起來總統已經屈服在壓力團體的遊說下。

    已經屈服: had given in. 題意清楚了,判斷就容易了。

    8. B 不行,因為B是現在完成式,landed on Plymouth Rock 是一件歷史的事。

    9. Some of the details need (b. clarifying )

    我們的報告送上去審批以前,有幾個細節要澄清(進一步說明)。

    10. A 不行是因為 making cancer research 是指 成立 cancer research。 但這句裡已經有 engaged in (投入),在這句裡,投入更成立是不能並存的,是不通的,所以答案不能是 A。

    是單數。

  • 8 年前

    7(B) had given in=submit to ;yield to the lobbing of pressure group,the President failed!

    8(A) ,A=landed adv.cl. were taught =had landed=C not what you said B.

    9(B) clarifying meaning to clarify,Hence clarifying.

    10(D) cancer research=better than gerund (

    a )making cancer research.

    Q and A:-a single thing or a person each separate to mean individual uses singular number.the variety of=A bag of=singular no.

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