KOKO 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

懇求小段簡史英文翻中文

Because of this shared resentment against the Qing as well as sworn brotherhoods, whenever any branch of the Heaven and Earth Society began a revolt, their action quickly mobilized brother across the island. Although their organization and mobilization was strong, this group never succeeded in any of its uprisings. a main reason for this failure was the jealous infighting wyth other groups on the island.

Beside sworn brotherhoods,another competing loyalty among the immigrants was to their place of origin on the mainland. those from fujian came from two prefectures, Zhang-zhou and Quanzhou. another major group was the Hakka from guangdong. these groups had struggled with each other for land and for irrigation water on the mainland and those struggled continued when the aborigines who had their own attachment to the land.

Cooperation among all groups was not easy, and revolts or anti-government actions were weakened by this lack of cooperation. the Qing regime took advantage of these conflicts and could often employ one group against the other. in this way, the Qing kept all groups at bay.

請不要使用翻譯軟體 因為看得出來 謝謝

3 個解答

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  • 7 年前
    最佳解答

    圖片參考:http://imgcld.yimg.com/8/n/AD05634470/o/2013042415...

    以上翻譯內容,謹供參考,謝謝!^_^

    由於「同盟國家」與「滿清」條約的”並存共享”之間的抵觸,一旦任何一方開展抗衡動議,都可迅速地引發橫跨全島的總動員。儘管一方的組織勢力有多強大,然而沒有一次的「起議」是成功的。失敗的主要成因是基於組織之間的內訌與嫉妒。

    除了同盟國之外,某些來自大陸本土的忠誠移民群族:如福建、漳州、泉州, 再加上廣東、客家等一帶,這些群體為了土地、灌溉等彼此相爭。努力地為了維護原居民的權益,抗爭延續下去。

    各群族之間的共通合作並非易事,而叛變或反政府行動由於欠缺合作性;而顯得勢力薄弱。「滿清」往往就是利用這些衝突,維持兩方制衡的一種管治模式,在同一的海灣以內。

    從我的 iPad 傳送

    2013-04-24 16:54:27 補充:

    錯字改正:

    起議 X 起義

    ..../\„,„/\

    ...( =';'=)

    .../**..**\

    .(.|.|..|.|.I..) ღ(。◕‿◠。)ღ...

    2013-04-24 19:29:47 補充:

    Dear Master Chen,

    慚愧哦!由於翻譯內容是我課餘抽空完成的(收到網友伊喵求助)。可能翻得不好的喔!哈哈!加上內容涉及敏感的政治話題,用字蠻深奧的。

    感恩哦!謝謝您的鼓勵!感動ing.......^_~

    2013-04-24 20:21:23 補充:

    錯字修正:

    動議 X 動義

    ..../\„,„/\

    ...( =';'=)

    .../**..**\

    .(.|.|..|.|.I..) ღ(。◕‿◠。)ღ...

    2013-04-25 11:50:11 補充:

    錯字改正:

    起議 X. 起義

    參考資料: 文字機械人
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  • chen
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    I'M Nothing At All

    good [+1]

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  • 7 年前

    基於對滿清共同的仇恨,和歃血為盟的誓約,每當天地會的任何一個分會起義,都可以快速在全島動員。儘管組織和動員能力很強,但每次揭竿起義從沒成功過。其中一項主因,來自對島上其他不同族群的眼紅和內鬥。

    除了血盟結拜外,移民中,其他的族群認同來自大陸的同鄉,例如來自漳州,泉州的福建族群;來自廣東省的客家族群。這些群體間,彼此為了爭奪土地和灌溉水源而鬥在一起。再加上原住民們對土地的認同,(不願意被趕走),也讓這樣的紛爭繼續下去。

    各族群間的合作並非易事,而起義推翻滿清的行動就因缺乏合作而減弱了力量。

    滿清政府利用這些族群衝突,通常可以操弄族群之間的對立。藉由這種方式,滿清政府可以有效地牽制各族群。

    2013-04-24 11:37:27 補充:

    字彙:

    resentment:憎恨

    sworn brotherhoods: 結拜兄弟

    Heaven and Earth Society: 天地會

    revolt = uprising = rebellion 揭竿起義,政變

    mobilization: 動員人力

    jealous infighting: 因眼紅彼此而內鬥

    competing: 競爭的

    immigrants: 移民

    origin: 出身

    prefectures: 縣,區 (這裡指泉州,漳州)

    struggled with : 打架,衝突

    aborigines: 原先居住在此地的原住民

    2013-04-24 11:44:09 補充:

    have attachment to the land: 對這片土地的認同和熱愛

    Cooperation: 合作

    anti-government actions: 反政府行動

    were weakened: 被減弱

    lack of cooperation: 缺乏合作

    Qing regime: 滿清政權

    took advantage of : 利用

    conflicts: 衝突

    employ : 使用

    against: 對抗

    employ one group against the other: 操弄族群對立

    kept all groups at bay: 牽制....

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