Lacking the necessary qualifications, he was not considered for the job.
= Because he lacked the necessary qualifications, he was not considered for the job.
Camping out last summer, we saw a bear.
= When we camped out last summer, we saw a bear
While fighting in Germany, he was taken prisoner.
= While he was fighting in Germany, he was taken prisoner.
It being a rainy day, people took cars and buses to work instead of walking.
= Because it was a rainy day, people took cars and buses to work instead of walking.
Being a student, he is naturally interested in museum.
= Because he is a student, he is naturally interested in museum.
Being used daily, the telephone book began to look rather old and torn up.
Being told that he would no longer receive government money, the researcher had to look for another source of support.
(Being) convinced that they were trying to poison him, he refused to eat anything.
Utterly exhausted, they felt asleep at once.
Generally speaking, we Chinese are very hardworking.
Judying from his accent, he cannot be an American.
Speaking of money, he is very generous.
Taking everything into consideration, they ought to get another chance.
There are ten people, not counting the guide.
有些看起來像是分詞的字其其實是介系詞或連接詞。如: including, owing to, regarding, given, considering, notwithstanding, concerning, according to, during等。如：
He does well, considering (that) he is young. (considering是連接詞）
Considering everything, it wasn't a bad holiday. (considering是介系詞）