猴子 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

分詞構句(詳細一點)

請問一下有沒有比較詳細的分詞構句的整理(重點整理)?

ex:前後主詞相同,前後主詞不同,還有being的用法(有時可省有時不能省)....好像還有別的...有人知道可以的話能告訴我嗎? 然後盡量多一點例句,謝謝

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    分詞構句是副詞性質的修飾語,修飾主要子句的述部,所以也可寫成副詞子句。

    Lacking the necessary qualifications, he was not considered for the job.

    = Because he lacked the necessary qualifications, he was not considered for the job.

    Camping out last summer, we saw a bear.

    = When we camped out last summer, we saw a bear

    While fighting in Germany, he was taken prisoner.

    = While he was fighting in Germany, he was taken prisoner.

    It being a rainy day, people took cars and buses to work instead of walking.

    = Because it was a rainy day, people took cars and buses to work instead of walking.

    Being a student, he is naturally interested in museum.

    = Because he is a student, he is naturally interested in museum.

    Being used daily, the telephone book began to look rather old and torn up.

    Being told that he would no longer receive government money, the researcher had to look for another source of support.

    被動態所以加上being

    (Being) convinced that they were trying to poison him, he refused to eat anything.

    但可以省略being

    Utterly exhausted, they felt asleep at once.

    可以不加being

    除非另有主詞,分詞的主詞就是主句的主詞,但下列這些慣用片語雖在意義上其主詞不是主句的主詞,但不另外加上自己的主詞:

    Generally speaking, we Chinese are very hardworking.

    Judying from his accent, he cannot be an American.

    Speaking of money, he is very generous.

    Taking everything into consideration, they ought to get another chance.

    There are ten people, not counting the guide.

    文法上稱此種分詞片語為[獨立用法]。

    有些看起來像是分詞的字其其實是介系詞或連接詞。如: including, owing to, regarding, given, considering, notwithstanding, concerning, according to, during等。如:

    He does well, considering (that) he is young. (considering是連接詞)

    Considering everything, it wasn't a bad holiday. (considering是介系詞)

  • rhody
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    分詞構句的完整觀念及做法,看這裡

    being的用法(有時可省有時不能省)....看這裡

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