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匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

Near的用法 !!

請各位英文高手詳細解說Near的各種詞性及用法~~

還有這三者之間的差別在哪呢? 甚麼時候near 前面要加 is 什麼時候不用??

A very beautiful house near to the sea

The house is near the town

Should I Buy a House Near an Airport?

麻煩各位了 感激不盡m(_ _)m

2 個解答

評分
  • 蕙安
    Lv 5
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    A very beautiful house near to the sea.

    這句的to可以省略。

    用A very beautiful house near the sea.來看

    這是個簡略的句子,感覺很像是廣告標語之類的。

    完整句子是:

    A very beautiful house is near the sea. 一棟靠海的超美房子。

    或可再加長:

    I sold a very beautiful house (which is) near the sea.

    我賣掉一棟靠海的超美房子。

    這裡的near是介系詞,說明這棟房子與海的關係。

    The house is near the town.

    這裡的near也是介系詞。

    跟上一句一樣的句型:

    主詞 + 動詞 + 介系詞 + 受詞。

    A very beautiful house is near the sea.

    The house is near the town.

    Should I Buy a House Near an Airport?

    這裡的near還是介系詞。

    把它改成敘述句:

    I should buy a house (which is) near an Airport.

    關代+ Be動詞 + 介系詞 + 受詞。

    這裡的關係代名詞+Be動詞可省略。

    結論:

    這三句中的near都是介系詞,只有在短標語之類或是關代+Be動詞的情況才可以省略is。

    --

    補充:

    下面再用其他動詞舉例:

    I swim near him. 我在他附近游泳。

    I sit in the chair (which is) near the wall. 我坐在靠牆的椅子上。

    也是一樣的,near在這兩句都是介系詞。

    接下來也一併介紹其他詞性的near。

    形容詞:

    This uncle is his near relative. 這位叔叔是他的近親。

    用形容詞near,修飾名詞relative。

    副詞:

    They stand quite near. 他們站得很近。

    用副詞near,修飾動詞stand。

    It is near impossible. 那幾乎不可能。

    用副詞near,修飾形容詞impossible。

    --

    以上,有問題請再補充。

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    A very beautiful house near to the sea.

    這句有語病,宜寫作;There is a very beautiful house near the sea.

    near可當成動詞用,但不適用在此句。

    下列是near當動詞用的句子:

    The deadline is nearing.=載止日期快到了。

    His immense task is now nearing completion.=他的鉅作現正接近完成。

    The house is near the town.

    正確。near the town是介系詞片語,當本句的主詞補語。near是當介系詞用。

    Should I Buy a House Near an Airport?

    除非當作標是,不必大寫句中的首字母。

    這裡的near an airport也是介系詞片語,修飾述部buy a house。

    near也可以當形容詞用,如:Spring is near.

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