宗益 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

英文文法問題求姐答

我想問一下分詞構句

使用Ving 或Ved的時機

我先說一下個人的想法

主動我就用Ving

被動就用Ved

簡單說就是判斷主詞是人或物

主詞是人我就用Ving 物我就用Ved

但我還有看到一種是二個逗號之間

可省略關代和動詞 直接改為Ving

請高手說明

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    1.[分詞構句]是副詞性質的修飾語,修飾的對象是述部,也可改寫成[副詞子句]。

    分詞的主被動是看句意來決定的,不是主句的主詞是人,就一定是主動的~ing。因為被動態分詞其實是省略了助動詞being。

    (Being) Convinced that they were trying to poison him, he refused to eat anything.(簡單式被動)

    =Because he was convinced that they were trying to poison him, he refused to eat anhthing.

    Utterly exhausted, they felt asleep at once.

    =Because they were utterly exhausted, they felt asleep at once.

    (Being) Used daily, the telephone book began to look rather old and torn up.

    =Because the telephone had been used daily, it began to look rather old and torn up.

    Having failed twice, he didn't want to try again.(這是完成式的分詞構句,表示時間點比主要子句更早)

    Having been weakened by successive storm, the bridge was no longer safe.(完成式被動的分詞構句)

    He fired, wounding one of the bandits.(分詞片語是主要動詞的一部分動作)

    Being a student, he was naturally interesting in museums.(being...通常是表示as he is 或as he was,而不是while he is或while he was)

    2.有的[分詞片語]是形容詞性質的修飾語,修飾的對象是名詞,所以可改寫成[形容詞子句]。

    Romeo, beliving that Juliet was dead, decided to kill himself.

    =Romeo, who believed that Juliet was dead, decided to kill himself.

    前後加逗號是因為這個修飾語是[非限定性質的]。因為受修飾的是專有名詞,己經很明確。你所看到的例子,可能屬於這一種。

    The car fixed by Jason is mine.(限定性質的修飾語,不可加逗號)

    The car being fixed by Jason is mine.(用~ing fixed表示正在進行中)

    Henry is drinking boiling water. (正在滾的熱開水)

    Henry is drinking boiled water.(燒開過的水=冷開水)

    3.有的[分詞片語]是[補語]

    I found my library card buried under a pile of papers.(受詞補語,被動,因為其邏輯上的受詞是它前面的受詞library card)

    You are very interesting.這是當主詞補語的分詞。

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