小哲 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

幫我翻譯有關放射系的英文 每一個段落都需要 (急20點)

Pulmonary edema is a condition of excess fluid within the lung that most frequently is caused by a backup in pulmonary circulation commonly associated with congestive heart failure (CHF).A commonly cause is coronary artery disease, in which blood flow to the heart muscle is restricted. This weakens the heart and results in inadequate pulmonary circulation, causing a backup of blood in the lungs. The condition is seen on chest radiographs as a diffuse in crease in radio density in the hilar regions fading toward the periphery of the lung, and as increased air-fluid levels with horizontal beam projection in more severe conditions.

Reactivation (secondary) tuberculosis usually develops in adults and generally is first evident on radiography bilaterally in the upper lobes as irregular calcifications that are mottle in appearance. Upward retraction of the hila is frequently evident. As healing occurs, fibrous tissue develops with calcification surrounding the region and leaving a type of cavity that can be seen on tomograms of this region. AP lordotic projections are frequently requested for visualization of calcifications and cavitations of apices and upper lobes.

Occupational lung Disease

Anthracosis, also called black lung pneumoconiosis, is caused by deposits of coal dust. With long-term inhalation (10 years or longer), it spreads throughout the lungs and is seen on chest radiographs as small opaque spots or conglomerate masses.

Asbestosis is caused by inhalation of asbestos dust (fibers) that results in pulmonary fibrosis. It may develop into lung cancer, especially in those who smoke.

Silicosis is a permanent condition of the lungs that is caused by inhalation of silica (quartz) dust, a form of sand dust. Occupationally exposed patients include certain mine works, sandblasters, and those who work in similar professions. Chest x-rays show distinctive patterns of nodules and scarring densities. Patients with silicosis are three times more

2 個解答

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  • Shuang
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    肺水腫是多餘的液體在肺部最常見的是引起肺循環備份通常伴有充血性心臟衰竭(CHF)的條件,一個常見的原因是冠狀動脈疾病,其中心臟肌肉的血液流動受到限制。這削弱了心臟和肺循環不足,結果,導致血液在肺部的備份。該條件被認為是胸片肺門衰落向肺的外週,所增加的空氣流體高度與水平光束投射在更苛刻的條件下的區域中的無線電密度摺痕作為漫反射。

    重新激活(二級)結核病通常在成人的發展,一般是第一個明顯的雙側肺上葉斑駁的外觀為不規則鈣化,X光片檢查。肺門向上回縮經常是顯而易見的。癒合時,纖維組織的發展與鈣化周圍的區域,並留下一個不同的空腔,在此區域中的X線斷層圖上可以看出。 AP前凸的預測經常會要求尖和上葉鈣化和空化的可視化。

    職業性肺病

    Anthracosis,也稱為黑肺塵肺,是造成由煤塵存款。隨著長期吸入(10年或更長的時間),它傳播整個肺部和胸部X光片上看到不透明的小斑點或礫岩群眾的。

    石棉沉著病是由吸入石棉粉塵(纖維),在肺纖維化的結果。它有可能發展成肺癌,尤其是在那些抽煙。

    矽肺是一種永久性的吸入二氧化矽(石英)粉塵,沙塵的一種形式,是由肺部的條件。職業暴露患者有一定的防雷工程,噴砂和類似行業工作的人。胸部X光檢查顯示結節和疤痕密度的獨特模式。矽肺患者的3倍以上.

    參考資料: me + google + revised
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  • 7 年前

    Please don't become a doctor...

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