peter 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

關係副詞和形容詞子句

如標題

這塊我不是很清楚

1.Please send the purse back to the place where you found it.

課本上說"有前述詞時,關係副詞所引導的子句是形容詞子句"

所以說前述詞是" the place",而"Please send the purse back to the place"的狀態是"形容詞子句",我這樣理解是對的嗎??

2.後來後面說"沒有前述詞時關係副詞所引導的的子句是名詞子具或副詞子句"

意思是說," the place"沒有的話,那句子就變成"Please send the purse back where you found it.",而"Please send the purse back"的狀態就不是"形容詞子句",我這樣理解是否正確??

3.還有一個地方,"我不知道這場意外確切發生的時間與地點",這句我寫成:

I don't know exactly time and place on which the accident happened.

其實我在寫完後很糾結,因為老師還有說道以下的這個表:

Time>>>>>>>when= in, on, at + which

Place>>>>>>where= in, on, at + which

Reason>>>>>why= for + which

Way,manner>>how= in+ which

[Stage/ situation/ case/ instance/ point---------- where]

如果只是說時間我還是知道說可以寫成"exactly time when"

但是他說時間與地點時我有猶豫過是要寫說"exactly time and place where"

但是又覺得怪怪,所以想到說那寫"on which"

不知道我這樣寫可不可以???

以上3個問題希望各位可以幫我解惑

已更新項目:

Louis:

所以說"where you found it."才是形容詞子句狀態是嗎??

那我分辦出"the place"是前述詞這點是正確的嗎??

2 個已更新項目:

Louis:

OK,我了解了

其實我還有一句想請你幫我看看

Q.我前女友對我出生的地方所知有限

我: My ex-girlfriend knows limitary the place where i was born

請問我這樣寫可以嗎

"所知有限"好像有很專業的些法,我個人能力沒那麼好所以寫"knows limitary" -.-

3 個已更新項目:

厄...

那我這句這樣寫OK嗎.....

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    1.Please send the purse back to the place where you found it.

    課本上說"有前述詞時,關係副詞所引導的子句是形容詞子句"

    所以說前述詞是" the place",而"Please send the purse back to the place"的狀態是"形容詞子句",我這樣理解是對的嗎??

    不正確。Pleae send ... to the place.是主要子句。

    後面用來修飾place的[修飾語]是附屬子句,因為修飾的對象是名詞,所以在詞性上歸成[形容詞子句]。

    在形容詞子句裡的where屬[關係副詞],用來帶出形容詞子句。

    2.後來後面說"沒有前述詞時關係副詞所引導的的子句是名詞子具或副詞子句"

    意思是說," the place"沒有的話,那句子就變成"Please send the purse back where you found it.",而"Please send the purse back"的狀態就不是"形容詞子句",我這樣理解是否正確??

    也不正確。

    Please send the purse back to where your found it.

    這裡的主要子句是Please send the purse back to xxx.

    其中的xxx是一個當介系詞to[受詞]的附屬子句,因為是受詞,故詞性為[名詞子句]。

    where在這裡屬[帶先行詞的關係副詞],帶出的是名詞子句。

    3.還有一個地方,"我不知道這場意外確切發生的時間與地點",這句我寫成:

    I don't know exactly time and place on which the accident happened.

    其實我在寫完後很糾結,因為老師還有說道以下的這個表:

    Time>>>>>>>when= in, on, at + which

    Place>>>>>>where= in, on, at + which

    Reason>>>>>why= for + which

    Way,manner>>how= in+ which

    [Stage/ situation/ case/ instance/ point---------- where]

    如果只是說時間我還是知道說可以寫成"exactly time when"

    但是他說時間與地點時我有猶豫過是要寫說"exactly time and place where"

    但是又覺得怪怪,所以想到說那寫"on which"

    不知道我這樣寫可不可以???

    time不屬於where性質,所以exactly time and place可接on which,再接形容詞子句,因為關係代名詞which可以代替time/where。

    2013-06-27 19:24:03 補充:

    "where you found it."當修飾語時,是形容詞子句

    受到修飾的"the place"是前述詞(又稱先行詞)

    2013-06-27 22:05:55 補充:

    My ex-girlfriend knows little about the place where i was born

    2013-06-28 17:29:54 補充:

    limitary是形容詞

    意思是subject to restriction

    =受到限制

    形容詞不能當knows的受詞

    此外limitary和the place之間無任何文法關係

    你的原句是錯的

    2013-06-28 17:34:41 補充:

    little可以當名詞用。

  • 7 年前

    time and place=on time,on which;

    and place=at which nearer to it.

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