ColorLife 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

高中英文 what- 跟no matter -

what - 跟 no matter - [ ex: whatever / no matter what

在用法上有哪些不同呢

像是放句首 或者 前面需不需要名詞

等等之類的

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另外 He is not only my friend but also my teacher

這句話 哪裡有錯誤 ...?

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not only A but also B +句子 跟 A as well as B

後面接的 動詞 都是跟著 " A " 決定嗎 ?

1 個解答

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  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    what - 跟 no matter - [ ex: whatever / no matter what

    在用法上有哪些不同呢

    像是放句首 或者 前面需不需要名詞

    等等之類的

    您問的應是whatever vs. no matter what, 對吧?

    疑問詞+ever字尾 = no matter + 疑問詞

    放在句首, 二者的前面都不需要加名詞.

    例:

    whatever = no matter what

    whoever = no mater who

    whichever = no matter which

    wherever = no matter which

    whenver = no matter when

    however = no matter how

    whyever (罕用) = no matter why

    上面這個用法, 只能用於帶領副詞子句, 而不適於帶領名詞子句

    例如:

    Whatever you may say, I won't agree. (O) <--- 帶領副詞子句

    No matter what you may say, I won't agree. (O) <--- 帶領副詞子句

    I won't accept whatever he proposes, (O) <--- 帶領名詞子句當受詞

    I won't accept no matter what he proposes. (X) <--- no matter帶領副詞子句, 不可當受詞

    I won't accept it no matter what he proposes. (O) <--- 加了受詞it, no mater就是帶領副詞子句了

    Whoever says so is a liar. <---名詞子句作為主詞

    No matter who says so is a liar. <--- 副詞子劇不可作為主詞

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    另外 He is not only my friend but also my teacher

    這句話 哪裡有錯誤 ...?

    文法是OK的, 但語意上friend與teacher應對調, 這是對老師這個身份的敬重;

    中文也是一樣, 我們通常說亦師亦友, 而不會說亦友亦師.

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    not only A but also B +句子 跟 A as well as B

    後面接的 動詞 都是跟著 " A " 決定嗎 ?

    不是的.

    not only A but also B : 動詞與B一致 (因為B才是主詞)

    A as well as B : 動詞與A一致 (因為A才是主詞)

    多閱讀培養出語感, 您就會很容易何者是主詞.

    在這之前就先背起來吧:

    A為主詞:

    A as well as B

    A together with B

    A along with B

    A no less than B

    A like/except/but/with B

    B為主詞:

    not only A but also B

    not just A but B

    either A or B

    neither A nor B

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
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