匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

關代that當補語

這句可以:

She is not the brilliant dancer that she used to be.

這句不可以:

*She is the perfect accountant that her predecessor was not.

文法上的理由為何?

謝謝!

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    She is the perfect accountant that her predecessor was not.

    這句的主要錯誤是邏輯問題。

    因為she, her predecessor, the perfect accountant這兩者,在邏輯上絕對不可能是同一個人,所以用be動詞表示是來是去,無意義。而且動詞還有現在與過去的不同,更是沒有道理。因為過去式沒有時間點出現時,還會有現況已經改變的意思。因此本句大概只能寫作:She is a perfect accountant, but her predecessor is not.(兩件平行的事)。

    She is not the brilliant dancer that she used to be.

    形容詞子句做限定修飾,將前面的普通名詞範圍加以縮小。這是正確的。同一人,前後時間不同的比較,合理。

    2013-07-20 09:40:01 補充:

    更正:這三者。

    2013-07-20 12:07:54 補充:

    You are the kind of assistant that we need.

    You are the right candidate that we want.

    才合理(是指種類)

    She is the perfect accountant which her predecessor was not.用了兩個be動詞也是會有語病的。

    which在這裡與用that是相同的功能。

    2013-07-20 12:11:46 補充:

    She is a perfect accountant like her predecessor.

    She is not a perfect accountant like her predecessor.

    She is not such a perfect accountant as her predecessor.

    She is a better accountant than her predecessor.

    這樣寫才有邏輯。

    • 登入以對解答發表意見
  • 匿名使用者
    7 年前

    歡迎點進來參觀看看喔

    內有超人氣可愛又萌的

    2013最新的圖彩動漫T

    不分長短袖通通1150元

    冰萌動漫:http://fdd.tw/JdDDLu

    • 登入以對解答發表意見
  • 匿名使用者
    7 年前

    謝謝Louis意見,那麼

    She is the perfect accountant which her predecessor was not.

    合邏輯嗎?

    2013-07-20 14:11:54 補充:

    Ok

    辛苦了 :)

    • 登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。