匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

英文文法疑問求觧答

1 I was so happy that I felt as if I __ wings and could fly

1had 2had had

答案是1 但我覺的是與過去事實相反的假設所以我選2

2 (a)Super powers have much (b)influence those small countries (c)in many respect

這題我想問 influence on 的用法

是碰到什麼情況或什麼詞性

3 It was a great pity that he ___ in the exam

1has failed 2 have failed

答案是2為什麼

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2 個解答

評分
  • ?
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    [1 I was so happy that I felt as if I __ wings and could fly

    1had 2had had

    答案是1 但我覺的是與過去事實相反的假設所以我選2]

    這題你錯得很冤枉。 as if 後面不是不能用過去完成式,強調與過去事實相反,但是你看 could fly, 說話的人把 「有翅膀和飛翔」 當做絕對的不可能,沒有過去不可能,現在可能的問題,所以他用 could fly, 而不是用 could + have + p.p.,所以 and 得前後要一致, as if I had winds and could fly。

    [2 (a)Super powers have much (b)influence those small countries (c)in many respect

    這題我想問 influence on 的用法,是碰到什麼情況或什麼詞性]

    influence 可以當名詞,也可以當動詞。 當名詞時, 「influence on 某事物」 是固定的用法,表示 「對某事物有影響」。 因為名詞不能直接再用名詞當受詞,必須有介係詞,而 influence 得慣用介係詞是 on。

    這題要判斷 influence 是不是名詞,看 have!

    have 若要加動詞,應該是要加過去分詞,但這裡是 influence 而不是 influenced,可見 have 不是當完成式得助動詞,而是普通動詞 「有」 得意思,那有什麼呢? have much influence 「有很大的影響」, influence 是名詞,當 have 的受詞,然後再接 「on 某事物」 的固定用法。

    [3 It was a great pity that he ___ in the exam

    1has failed 2 have failed

    答案是2為什麼]

    這題如果一定要在 1, 2 之間選一個,只能選 2。 這是把 it is a pity 用虛擬語氣來表達的用法。

    it is a pity 的句型,用虛擬語氣表達,則後面子句現在要用 should + 原形,或過去用 should + have + p.p:

    所以這裡是:

    It was a great pity that he should have failed in the exam.

    然後省略 should,剩下:

    It was a great pity that he should have failed in the exam.

    所以選 2。

    這裡因為有 was 的關係,表示考不及格是過去的事,所以不要用現在完成式。

    不過在實際應用上,這種情況用虛擬語氣,又把 should 省略是不常見的。 但只有二選一,只能選 have failed。

  • 8 年前

    about Q#3, let me give you an example sentence:

    It's a pity she can't attend the reception.

    or

    It was a pity she couldn't attend the reception.

    2013-08-17 07:46:05 補充:

    Tell me, can you remove "can't" or "couldn't"?

    I guess not. This is why master LionEnglish said "should" was omitted. In my sample sentences, it expresses a negative voice, so you can tell you shall have auxiliary verb (can or could).

    2013-08-17 07:47:52 補充:

    However, in your questioned sentence, it is a positive voice, this auxiliary verb can be omitted, because it will NOT affect the meaning of the sentence, but just cause you to have doubt: why using "have" after "he"?

    2013-08-17 07:50:22 補充:

    Grammar rule is still applicable, just not the way you think. However, if you read enough, you will automatically know why!

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