Edward 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

分詞構句的過去分詞一定表示被動嗎

His teacher asked him again what he actually wanted to do as an adult,

Beckham repeated his intent.

沒有連接詞,這是一個分詞構句嗎

如果是的話,為什麼不是用repeating

repeated不是表示被動的意思嗎

3 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    His teacher asked him again what he actually wanted to do as an adult,

    Beckham repeated his intent.

    沒有連接詞,這是一個分詞構句嗎

    不是分詞構句, 而是漏寫了連接詞and:

    His teacher asked him again what he actually wanted to do as an adult,

    and Beckham repeated his intent.

    不過, 新聞英語有一種格式, 是把名詞子句前移, 加個逗號與後面的主要子句隔開 ,

    例如原句:

    Beckham repeated his intent (that) the game had to be postponed.

    新聞英語寫法---> The game had to be postponed, Beckham repeated

    his intent.

    在這個句子, 名詞子句"the game had to be postponed"是his intent的同位語, 所以新聞英語可以這樣寫來突顯其重要性.

    但是回歸版主原句之語意, 第一句並不等於his intent, 所以不可當作his intent的同位語子句, 所以不能使用新聞英語的這個格式.

    以上說明希望有所幫助, 如果有不明之處請補充發問.

    2013-09-05 21:03:28 補充:

    版主原句如果拿掉受詞his intent, 那麼就可把第一句作為名詞子句當作repeated的受詞, 這樣就可適用新聞英語的格式:

    His teacher asked him again what he actually wanted to do as an adult, Beckham

    repeated.

    原句是:

    Beckham repeated (that) his teacher asked him again what he actually wanted to do

    as an adult.

    2013-09-07 07:33:55 補充:

    Gccba大,

    His teacher asked him again what he actually wanted to do as an adult, Beckham

    repeated.

    從原句移除his intent後, 這句話的語意與原句並不相同, 此句Beckham只是單純重複逗號以前的這件事, 文法與語意都ok.

    至於Louis大的連接詞When寫法、您的分詞構句寫法以及我的連接詞and寫法, 都是不改變原句語意的正確寫法.

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    及物動詞衍生的過去分詞才能表示[被動],不及物動詞衍生的,只能表示[己經完成了]。本句的結構出錯,不屬於分詞構句關係。應按兩件事的時序寫成:

    When his teacher asked him again what he actually wanted to do as an adult, Beckham repeated his intent.

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  • 7 年前

    His teacher asked him again what he actually wanted to do as an adult,

    Beckham repeated his intent.

    這句話文法錯誤.

    逗號","在句子中只有停頓的作用.

    以上這句話中有兩個主詞及兩個動詞,是錯誤的.

    首先,ask為及物動詞.且後方有受詞him,所以為主動.

    若其為分詞構句,則受詞為His teacher.

    him則成為多餘的部分,所以不為分詞構句.

    再者,repeat在此為及物動詞.若為分詞構句則

    Beckham為受詞,his intent為多餘的部分.

    所以也不是分詞構句,且為主動.

    因此,這句話為出現兩主兩動的錯誤句子.

    這句話應寫為:

    His teacher asking him again what he actually wanted to do as an adult,

    Beckham repeated his intent.

    或:

    Beckham's teacher asked him again what he actually wanted to do as an adult,

    he repeating his intent.

    2013-09-06 19:41:03 補充:

    羅莉大大

    His teacher asked him again what he actually wanted to do as an adult, Beckham

    repeated.

    雖然文法是正確的,但是語意不合邏輯.

    由again以及repeated可知,Beckham並非是重複說了

    "His teacher asked him again what he actually wanted to

    do as an adult"這句話.

    2013-09-06 19:46:24 補充:

    而應該寫為:

    When his teacher asked him again what he actually wanted to do as an adult,

    Beckham repeated his intent.

    "當他的老師再問他一次他長大後想做什麼時,Beckham重覆再說了一次."

    經由分詞構句後:

    His teacher asking him again what he actually wanted to do as an adult,

    Beckham repeated his intent.

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