Swhite Lin 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

時態 for until now

請問~~

until now 的句子, 以及 until 的句子 ~~ 到底要用現在式? 過去式? 還是完成式?

看到一堆句子, 我都搞混. 可以麻煩舉例句說明 ??

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 年前
    最佳解答

    主句的時態依語意的時效決定,until用來當連接詞帶出副詞子句時,視時效,如果是提供主句未來的時間點,則用現在簡單式或現在完成式,依語意決定。until也可當介系詞,後面接名詞當受詞,成為介系詞片語。

    She continued to get a salary until the end of March.(現在已經不同了,用過去簡單式)

    I stayed there until he arrived.(兩件過去的事,與現在無關)

    Baker is expected to be here until the end of the week.(從現在開始,到本週結束的狀況,維持不變,用現在簡單式)

    I was employed by a manufacturing company until 1999.(過去的狀況,現在已經不同了,用過去簡單式)

    You'll just have to wait untl they call your name.(從現在開始,到未來的狀況,主句用未來簡單式;附屬子句用現在簡單式,提供主句未來的時間點)

    Up untill now, everything in Katherine's life has been taken care of for her.(時效迄今,用現在完成式)

    Stay on the bus until the big supermarket, then get off and turn left.(祈使句,用現在簡單式)

    She went to Felix's flat at midday and did not cme out until late in the evening.(過去的事實,用過去簡單式)

    They didn't see each other again until the autumn.(過去的事實,用過去簡單式)

    It was not until six o'clock that we got the first reports of trouble.(過去的事實,用過去簡單式)

    Parents are responsible for their children's actions until they are 18.(不變的道理,用現在簡單式)

    2013-09-12 13:15:58 補充:

    Until then I had known nothing about it.到過去某一時間點之前,用過去完成式。

    Until you told me, I had never thought of it.(主句用過去完成,附屬子句用過去簡單式)

    He didn't pay any attention to my warning until he had an accident.(兩件過去的狀況,用過去簡單式)

    例句取自<遠東新世紀英漢辭典>p.1519

    參考資料: 例句取自:Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners
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