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政委 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

英文 assume 和 pretend 有什麼差別??

assume 和 pretend 這兩個解釋相同... 但是要怎們分辨什麼時候該用哪些字呢?


even thought, thought, althought, even if

這幾個也是差不多意思的東西 但是卻不知道該如何分辨什麼時候該用在哪裡


1 個解答

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前


    If you assume that something is true, you imagine that it is true, sometimes wrongly. (如果你以為某件事是真的,但實際上它郤不是;你是事先認定其為真)

    You can use let us assume or let's assume when you are considering a possible situation or event, so that you can think about the consequences.(=讓我們假定xxx是真的)

    If you pretend that something is the case, you act in a way that is intended to make people believe that it is the case, although in fact it is not.(你明知為假,郤要引導別人信以為真)

    If you pretend that something is the case, you claim that it is the case.(你明知為假,郤告知別人其為真)

    以上解釋引用自Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners

    though = although = even though都是附屬連接詞,且意思接近,用法都是帶出附屬子句,其內容與主要子句內容形成反差:

    Though we are only a small country, we have a long and glorious history.(附屬子句放前時,要加逗號,表示句子有越位現象;though 與although可互換使用,不影響句意及文法結構關係)

    Poor though her family was, they would never ask for help.(though可放形容詞後面)

    He went on fighting even though he was wounded.(even是副詞,用來強調程度較高)

    even if與if都可用來帶出[副詞子句]做條件,if加上副詞even是強調用,但所提的通常是不利,較不容易的條件:

    He's determined to prove his inocence, even if he has to go to the highest cout in the land.

    I'd never sell this painting, even if they offered me a million dollars.

    If we miss the last bus, we'll have to walk home.(有可能發生的條件)

    I doubt if anyone will be interested in the programme.(if帶出的是當動詞受詞的[名詞子句])

    參考資料: Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners
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