英文文法問題lay

i saw my dad sleeping in the room ;he lay __motionlessly/motionless__

on the soft.

如果用的是motionless,那麼不是翻成 : [他靜靜的在沙發上] 嗎?

那為什麼不能用 :"motionlessly"

希望大大們能解除敝人困惑,謝謝各位!

3 個解答

評分
  • 7 年前
    最佳解答

    I saw my dad sleeping in the room; he lay motionless on the sofa.

    "motionless" is an adjective.

    You can use "lie" as a linking verb to say that something is or remains in a particular state or condition.

    pattern: :~ linking verb + adjective (In this case, lie + adjective)

    The book lay open on the table.

    lay ~ past tense of lie (linking verb)

    open ~ adjective

    This machine lies idle.

    lies ~ linking verb

    idle ~ adjective

    4000 men lie buried here.

    lie ~ linking verb

    buried ~ past participle of "bury"

    ~ past participle used as an adjective

    2013-10-10 23:03:54 補充:

    “The horse lay motionless on the ground, as if dead”

    http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british...

    “He lay motionless at her feet.”

    http://blogs.dctc.edu/writing-center/2011/01/31/li...

    “He lay motionless on the bed.” ~ Macmillan English Dictionary

    2013-10-10 23:05:48 補充:

    Other examples: lie + adjective

    “He lies awake at night worrying about his job.” ~ Oxford English Dictionary

    “Emma lay awake half the night, worrying.” ~ Longman English Dictionary

    “awake” is an adjective

    2013-10-11 00:38:56 補充:

    Longman 和 Collins Colbuild 字典, 分開列 lie 可作 linking verb

    若用adverb, 只可 describe 動詞 "lie", how someone lies. 當 lie 是 intran. verb 或 link. verb?

    用 link. verb, 形容詞 "motionless" 是 condition he was in.

    In my past learning, I always write "lie motionless". Taste is too individual to be standardized.

    參考資料: Longman English Dictionary
  • Ling
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    He lay motionlessly on the sofa.- adverb

    He was motionless and slept on the sofa. - adjective

  • 7 年前

    Why do you think that we can not use "motionlessly" ?

    I think we do have to use "motionlessly", because it is an adverb, for describing the verb "lay". "Motionless" is an adjective. We cannot use an adjective to describe a verb, only a noun, so we can say "he was on the sofa, motionless", but that does not specify that he actually lay on the sofa. In fact he could have fallen asleep while sitting on the sofa.

    Therefore, in order to describe the whole scenario, we can say:

    A:

    1. He lay motionlessly on the sofa.

    or B.

    1. He lay on the sofa.

    2. He was motionless.

    參考資料: My past learniong
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