立宇 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

一題有關英文假設法及對等連接詞的問題~

題:

If John were to resign and if Henry were elected to take his place, we should have more vigorous leadership.

雖然是一個與現在事實相反的假設法問題,但為何"~were to resign~"和"~were elected~"不對等呢? 中間不是有一個對等連接詞"and"嗎?

感謝回答!!!

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    be + 不定詞=未來式相等語(p.257 柯旗化<新英文法>)

    We are to have an examination tomorrow.

    = We shall have an examination tomorrow.

    She is to be here by ten o'clock.

    = She will be here by ten o'clock.

    所以were to resign是對[未來狀況]的假設(用were,表示說這話的人認為將來不可能發生這個狀況)。

    were elected與were to resign在形式上是對等的,都是主要動詞were+主詞補語。

    本句是有兩個條件句,所以用對等連接詞and將其連結,因此要兩個條件都成立才算數。

    2013-10-14 19:41:43 補充:

    另一種用來表示未來不可能的條件句是用should...

    If green plants should disappear some day, there would hardly be any life on the earth.

    If the string should break, the skite would fly away from your hand.

  • Amstar
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    這個句子第二個if 應該省略掉,應該寫成:

    If John were to resign and Henry were elected to take his place, we should have more vigorous leadership.

    二個子句的主詞不一樣,一個是John,另一個是Henry;

    John子句的語態 were 是主動語態

    Henry子句的語態 were elected 是被動語態

    對等連接詞所連接的子句是對等子句,所謂對等子句:就是可以單獨存在而成為一個完整的句子,並不是時態和語態都要一樣,例如:

    John were to resign.

    Henry were elected.

    這二個都可以單獨存在而成為一個完整的句子。這就是對等子句。

    二個對等子句用and連接起來,前面再加一個從屬連接詞 if ,就成為"從屬"副詞子句:If John were to resign and Henry were elected to take his place 用來修飾後面的"主要"子句we should have more vigorous leadership

    一些基本的文法觀念,可以至這裡http://www.amstarcreative.com/eng/p2videos.html 學習。

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    1.be + to + V 表示未來式 ,例如:John is to resign. John將要辭職,所以現在事實相反的假設法,將is改為 were

    2. Henry were elected to take his place這是被動語態 標準用法

    3.連接詞 and 只是連接詞性相同子句當附屬子句 使用,修飾其後主要子句

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