發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

英文 形容詞子句的倒裝

The brochure is attached which describes the details of the projects scheduled to be launched in the next year.

=The brochure which describes the details of the projects scheduled to be launched in the next year is attached.

=Attached is the bruchure which describes the details of the projects scheduled to be launched in the next year is attached.

我懂第二和第三句

但第一句是為什麼呢??

請幫我分析一下句型,因為我怎麼看都看不出頭緒..謝謝~

已更新項目:

謝謝Louis~~~那再請問一下Louis

He is not rich who is not satisfied.

John made high grades on his exams, which made his parents happy.

這兩句的原型是什麼呢??

2 個已更新項目:

謝謝Louis~

有比較清楚和瞭解了!!

請問Louis有推薦的寫作書或是文法書嗎??

因為這樣看是看得懂,但如果要我直接寫出這些句子其實還是有一定的難度...

4 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    根據句子訊息結構的自然法則-the principle of end-weight(尾重原則),長與複雜的文字放在句尾較自然(與其重要性無關)。句子的主詞,如同位語或修飾語太長時,可移後:

    The news hits the headlines that the Korean hostage has been beheaded.

    主詞的同位語移後

    A video was released featuring the tsunami.

    修飾主詞的分詞片語移後

    The moment has come to take legal action.

    修飾主詞的不定詞片語移後

    He is not rich who is not satisfied.

    修飾主詞的形容詞子句移後

    你問的第一句屬於這一種

    下面是因尾重原則而將太長的受詞移後的例子:

    She visited him that very day.

    She visited her best friend that very day.

    She visited that very day an elderly and much beloved friend.

    使用delayed subject或delayed object,也是尾重原則的結果。

    It is important to tell us everything you know.(不定詞片語加上其修飾語後太長)

    比To tell us everything you know is important.自然。

    I am not sure what is the point of spending hours and hours discussing this.

    用直接問句比間接問句自然,因其主詞太長。

    2013-10-16 12:16:09 補充:

    更正語病:句子主詞的同位語或修飾語太長時,可[將同位語及修飾語]移至句尾。

    2013-10-16 12:18:27 補充:

    John made high grades on his exams, which made his parents happy.

    後面的形容詞子句才是以前面全句為修飾對象的修飾語(sentential relative clause)。

    2013-10-16 13:43:39 補充:

    He is not rich who is not satisfied.

    Those who are not satisfied are not rich.

    Whoever is not satisfied is not rich.

    John made high grades on his exams, which made his parents happy.

    The fact that John made high grades on his exams made his parents happy.

    這些都是不同的句子寫法,並沒有你所稱的原型應該是什麼。

    2013-10-16 18:13:28 補充:

    寫作講求變化,所以會用到各種不同的句構,而且配合語意的複雜性,句子難以只局限在少數的句型。多看教閱讀方法(reading methods)和併句方法(sentence combining)這兩方面的書籍,可以幫助你明白句子的各種可能變化。一般文法書對句型的變化通常只有基本的介紹,難以幫我們解決閱讀英文高階讀物時的困難。

  • Kieve
    Lv 6
    7 年前

    The first sentence is poorly written, also filled with filler words...

    The brochure (is) attached (which) describes the details of the projects (scheduled) to be launched (in the) next year.

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    The brochure is attached, which describes the details of the projects scheduled to be launched in the next year.

    句子應用逗號區隔,which 所引導子句當副詞用,修飾其前主要子句

    2013-10-17 15:24:39 補充:

    The attached brochure which describes the details of the projects is scheduled to be launched in the next year

    一般後位修飾需緊跟著名詞之後,否則易曲解其語意,用法如上所述

  • 7 年前

    "which describes the details of the projects scheduled to be launched in the next year" is an adjective clause. It is very long, so usually, we would like bring the main verb "is attached" close to the subject "the brochure".

    2013-10-16 02:25:36 補充:

    This way, people know what the action subject has, not to wait until reading the entire sentence, especially, that adjective clause.

    2013-10-16 02:26:51 補充:

    With the above said, the second sentence in your question is likely not to be used, even though grammatically, there is nothing wrong.

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