promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

尋找翻譯高手 不要Google翻譯的

Diet can significantly influence athletic performance, but recent research developments have

substantially changed our understanding of sport and exercise nutrition. Athletes adopt various

nutritional strategies in training and competition in the pursuit of success. The aim of training is

to promote changes in the structure and function of muscle and other tissues by selective

modulation of protein synthesis and breakdown in response to the training stimulus. This pro-

cess is affected by the availability of essential amino acids in the post-exercise period. Athletes

have been encouraged to eat diets high in carbohydrate, but low-carbohydrate diets up-regulate

the capacity of muscle for fat oxidation, potentially sparing the limited carbohydrate stores.

Such diets, however, do not enhance endurance performance. It is not yet known whether the

increased capacity for fat oxidation that results from training in a carbohydrate-deficient state

can promote loss of body fat. Preventing excessive fluid deficits will maintain exercise capa-

city, and ensuring adequate hydration status can also reduce subjective perception of effort.

This latter effect may be important in encouraging exercise participation and promoting

adherence to exercise programmes. Dietary supplement use is popular in sport, and a few

supplements may improve performance in specific exercise tasks. Athletes must be cautious,

however, not to contravene the doping regulations. There is an increasing recognition of the

role of the brain in determining exercise performance: various nutritional strategies have been

proposed, but with limited success. Nutrition strategies developed for use by athletes can also

be used to achieve functional benefits in other populations.

已更新項目:

你是自己翻嗎?

還是有參考什麼翻譯網站之類的?

因為這只是一小部分

所以如果你有什麼翻譯的方法的話請告訴我

2 個解答

評分
  • 7 年前
    最佳解答

    飲食可以顯著地影響運動員的表現,但最近的研究發展已大大改變了我們對體育和運動營養的理解。

    運動員在訓練比賽中追求成功的策略和採用的各種營養。

    訓練的目的是促進選擇性調節蛋白的合成和分解的訓練刺激肌肉及其它組織的結構和功能變化。

    這個過程在運動後的可用性必須受人體的胺基酸。

    運動員鼓勵吃高碳水化合物的飲食,但低碳水化合物飲食調節肌脂肪氧化的能力,可能不會比有限碳水化合物的門店低。

    然而,這樣的飲食,不會增強耐力的表現。

    目前還不知道是否增加的脂肪氧化能力,結果在缺乏碳水化合物的狀態從訓練可以促進體內脂肪的損失。

    防止過多的水分將維持運動能力,並確保有足夠的水狀態,也可以減少感知的專注。

    後者的影響可能是鼓勵行使重要的參與,並提高堅持鍛煉的計劃。

    膳食補充劑的使用在運動裡是非常流行的,一些補充劑可能在特定的運動裡會會提高性能。參賽運動員必須持謹慎態度。

    然而,不違反興奮劑的規定。

    大腦在決定運動性能的作用日益認識到:各種營養戰略已經提出,但成果有限。

    也可用於開發運動員的營養戰略,實現功能的好處在其他人群中。

    2013-10-27 19:15:01 補充:

    這是我自己翻的,

    如果覺得不太好請見諒...

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • 7 年前

    你是自己翻嗎?

    還是有參考什麼翻譯網站之類的?

    因為這只是一小部分

    所以如果你有什麼翻譯的方法的話請告訴我

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。