匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

請求翻譯高手,幫我翻以下文章,這對我很重要拜託謝謝!!

The digital divide, digital natives and usability

The distinction between those who have access to information and

communication technologies (ICTs) and those who do not is called the digital

divide. It marks the disparity between ICT 'haves' and 'have nots'. At first the

digital divide was defined in binary terms: a gap between ICT 'haves' and

'have nots', but more recently researchers (Norris, 2001; Chowdhury, 2004)

have noted that a digital divide can be of different types:

• the social divide: the difference in access between diverse social groups

• the global divide: the difference in access to the internet

• the democratic divide: the different applications and uses of online

information to engage and participate in social life.

There is a general belief that the digital divide only exists between the

developed and developing counties. While this is true- because of the lack of

ICT infrastructure, telephone and internet access, and generally poor

educational level and socio-economic conditions of the population in

developing countries - a digital divide also exists among different sectors of

societies in developed countries.

How does the digital divide affect usability of information products and

services? Obviously if people have no or only limited access to ICTs in

general, and internet and digital information services in particular, they will

use no online information products and services, or fewer than others do.

This chapter discusses the concept of the digital divide, how it is measured,

and associated parameters such as digital literacy. It provides some statistics

to indicate how the digital divide exists in different nations in the developed and developing world, and discusses how the digital divide affects the

usability of information products and services and what lessons can be

learned relating to digital literacy research.

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評分
  • 旻安
    Lv 6
    6 年前
    最佳解答

    數位鴻溝、 數位當地人和可用性那些有權訪問的資訊之間的區別和通信技術 (Ict) 和那些不被稱為數位鴻溝。它標誌著資訊和通信技術無產者之間的差距和 ' 有心機的。在第一次數位鴻溝在二進位術語定義: 資訊和通信技術無產者之間的差距和' 有心機,但最近研究人員 (諾裡斯,2001 年 ;喬杜裡,2004年)注意到數位鴻溝可以為不同的類型:• 社會鴻溝: 在 access 中不同社會群體之間的區別• 全球鴻溝: 在訪問到互聯網的區別• 民主鴻溝: 不同的應用程式和連線的用途從事和參與社會生活的資訊。有一個一般的觀念之間只存在數位鴻溝發達國家和發展中國家的縣。雖然這是 true-由於缺乏資訊和通信技術基礎設施、 電話和互聯網訪問,和普遍較差教育水準和人口的社會經濟條件發展中國家-數位鴻溝之間也存在著不同部門的在發達國家的社會。數位鴻溝是如何影響可用性的資訊產品和服務嗎?顯然如果人民沒有或只有有限的訪問資訊和通信技術互聯網和數位資訊服務是將軍,尤其是,他們將使用沒有線上資訊產品和服務,或比其他人少做。這一章討論了數位的概念劃分,它如何衡量的和相關的參數,如數位掃盲。它提供了一些統計數字以指示如何數位鴻溝存在於不同的國家,在發達國家和發展中國家的世界,並討論了數位鴻溝如何影響可用性的資訊產品和服務的經驗教訓可以是學習了有關的數位素養研究。

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