驚驚 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

英文文法進階問題

請問英文大師們

1. Our hostess will be down to join us shortly

2. When I entered the job market I did not expect it to be so hard to find work

3.The receptionist smiled at the guests and welcomed them to the hotel

問1. to join us 是主詞補語對吧?

to join us可以當副詞表目的嗎?

問2. 這裡的it 指的是to find work嗎?

查字典expect to do sth

expect to do sth=expect to find work

是這樣看嗎?

問3.查字典 welcomed them to the hotel 是welcome sb to sth

to the hotel 也是副詞表目的嗎?

4 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    6 年前
    最佳解答

    1. Our hostess will be down to join us shortly

    2. When I entered the job market I did not expect it to be so hard to find work

    3.The receptionist smiled at the guests and welcomed them to the hotel

    問1. to join us 是主詞補語對吧?

    to join us可以當副詞表目的嗎?

    to join us不是主詞補語, 而是副詞片語表目的,

    相當於in order to join us.

    down才是主詞補語.

    問2. 這裡的it 指的是to find work嗎?

    查字典expect to do sth

    expect to do sth=expect to find work

    是這樣看嗎?

    是的, it指的是to find work, 這it稱為虛受詞或滯後受詞.

    to be可以省略.

    本句expect的受詞並不是to do something,

    而是虛受詞it, 也就是to find work,

    所以不可套用您說的片語expect to do sth.

    問3.查字典 welcomed them to the hotel 是welcome sb to sth

    to the hotel 也是副詞表目的嗎?

    to the hotel是副詞片語沒錯, 但這個to是介系詞表方向, 而不是表目的的不定詞to.

    2013-11-25 09:36:36 補充:

    welcomed them to the hotel

    =welcomed them (coming) to the hotel

    2013-11-26 20:31:23 補充:

    1. 你的歸納不夠完整, 有些副詞是可以當主詞補語的, 例如:

    She is here/there.

    Mom is upstairs/downstairs.

    2. 二者結構看似相同, 文法上不足以分辨時, 要靠語意來區分:

    into the container是修飾藥品定量裝入的動作, 而不是指「位於容器中」的藥品;

    to the hotel是針對them而言, 語意上省略了受詞的動作coming.

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
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  • 6 年前

    請問羅莉大師

    1.主詞補語不是N/Adj但down 是副詞

    為何可以當主詞補語??

    2.

    The chemist carefully measured the drugs into the container

    The receptionist smiled at the guests and welcomed them to the hotel

    其實我有confuse

    為何into the container是副詞來修飾measured the drugs

    to the hotel卻是受詞補語

    以上二句都是介係詞後接名詞

    受詞補語與介係詞片語當副的要如何分辨

    2013-11-29 22:46:36 補充:

    羅莉大師...跟您請教這三句

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

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  • D
    Lv 5
    6 年前

    1. to join is a infinitive. to join us可以當副詞 because it modifies will be.

    2. 這裡的it 指的是to find work嗎? NO, it refers to job market.

    3. Subject-receptionist. Compound verb-smiled, welcomed. Object-them. Preposition-to hotel, it modifies welcome.

    參考資料: me
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  • 6 年前

    What is Eng.grammar advanced questions?

    The answers:-

    (1)to join us=will be down to joinus=will join us=predicate=adv.cl. of manner ;Not of purpose.

    (2)it=referring to the entry job market=a subordinate clause of condition;

    Referring to the main clause=it (to be) so hard to find work=it is so hard to find work=adverb clause in apposition to(do expect);

    expect to find work=hope to find work only.Not expect to do something else.

    (3)to the Hotel= infinitive phrase=direct object;

    ----them=indirect object=pronoun as object case of they;

    ---welcome somebody only,Not things ,but those persons;

    ---welcome=verb intransitive case.

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