方小元 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

關於被動語態,連接詞後面的被動句vs主動句 拜託幫忙

The butterflies were marked and realeased from Taipei. 句中realeased前面不用再加were. 但是如果把realeased改成flew away,flew away是主動用法,所以它的前面也不用加were。

所以...兩句連接詞後面的動詞前面都不用加連接詞,但是一個是主動用法,一個是被動用法...怎麼會這樣呢?

應該要有一個區別方法吧

1.請務必回答有根據的正確文法

2.請說明連接詞後面的動詞前面如果用被動語態是否要再加be動詞?

已更新項目:

Louis:那麼如果要表示The butterflies were marked and flew away from Taipei.這句話的意思...正確語法應為何??

是這樣表示嗎??

: The butterflies were marked and then they were flew away from Taipei.

Toming88:be=have a state or quality where 跟 2 passive voice.by somebody.這2具什麼意思有點不懂

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    The butterflies were marked and released from Taipei.

    = The butterflies were marked and (then they were) released from Taipei.

    對等連接詞所連結的文字在語法上必是同類的(對應的是兩個過去分詞marked vs released),所以助動詞were只要寫一個。

    2013-11-30 11:16:44 補充:

    如果把realeased改成flew away,會造成語法錯誤:flew不是過去分詞,是過去式。

    2013-11-30 11:20:04 補充:

    本句因為未出現by ...,所以動詞的被動意味不強烈。你可以把marked and released from Taipei視為主詞補語(用表示被動的過去分詞當補語)。

    marked的地點不一定是Taipei。但released的地點一定是Taipei。

    2013-11-30 20:47:37 補充:

    The butterflies were marked and then they were flew away from Taipei.

    是錯誤的因為flew是fly的過去式,你不能在其前面加上一個were當助動詞

    此外,蝴蝶是自己飛走的,你不能用被動態動詞.

    After being marked, the butterlies flew away from Taipei.是正確的寫法。

    2013-11-30 20:48:26 補充:

    Having been marked, the butterflies flew away from Taipei.也是正確的寫法.

    typo: butterflies

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    1. The butterflies were marked and realeased from Taipei. 句中marked and realeased共用助動詞were. 但是如果把realeased改成flew away主動用法,因為有先後順序〈先做記號再飛走,主動與被動無法共用,這是邏輯問題〉。需寫成After having been marked, the butterflies flew away.2. 若無先後順序而是同時發生,就可主動與被動共用。例如:Some protesters were seen setting objects on fire.3. 你的問題頗有創意,向學精神令人欽佩

  • 7 年前

    The butterflies were marked and be released from Taipei.

    were marked,(be released)=2 passive voice.by somebody;

    be=have a state or quality where was=,singular ; were= plural.

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