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博翔 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

英文文法觀念問題

請教大師

1.What do you do with all your free time

all your = all of your的省略??

2.He has many interests, maybe too many to really enjoy them all

them = interests

maybe too many to really enjoy them all算是副詞子句還是片語??

3.Such pursuits are not really suitable for an older person

for an older person雖是介係詞片語可以看做修飾前面整句嗎?

4.The cinemagoer had a discount card that allowed her to see the second movie for half price

to see the second movie for half price應該是受詞補語吧?

5.The theatergoer raced down to the bar during the interval

to the bar是表副詞,但不表目的,但修飾raced down對吧?

6.The enthusiast devoted all his time and energy to his chosen hobby

all his= all of his??

to his chosen hobby是表副詞,但不表目的,但修飾devoted 對吧?

3 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    1.What do you do with all your free time

    all your = all of your的省略??

    兩者皆可, 不是省略, all可作形容詞, 也可作代名詞 .

    2.He has many interests, maybe too many to really enjoy them all

    them = interests

    maybe too many to really enjoy them all算是副詞子句還是片語??

    形容詞片語, 由形容詞子句(關係子句)省略which are而來.

    3.Such pursuits are not really suitable for an older person

    for an older person雖是介係詞片語可以看做修飾前面整句嗎?

    for an older person是副詞片語, 修飾前面整句或其述部.

    可移至句首或句中, 以逗號隔開.

    4.The cinemagoer had a discount card that allowed her to see the second movie for

    half price to see the second movie for half price應該是受詞補語吧?

    對.

    5.The theatergoer raced down to the bar during the interval

    to the bar是表副詞,但不表目的,但修飾raced down對吧?

    副詞片語down to the bar表方向, 修飾raced.

    6.The enthusiast devoted all his time and energy to his chosen hobby

    all his= all of his??

    對, 同第1題.

    to his chosen hobby是表副詞,但不表目的,但修飾devoted 對吧?

    可以這麼說, 它是表方向.

    你可進一步把devote [sth] to [sth]視為片語動詞.

    2013-12-10 23:48:56 補充:

    them all = all of them, 所以all是代名詞, 而非副詞.

    which are 與maybe是可以並存的, 因為maybe是副詞(可有可無, 也可與

    perhaps通用), 與which are不衝突. 全句是:

    He has many interests, (which are) maybe too many (for him) to really enjoy

    them all.

    2013-12-10 23:49:11 補充:

    逗號後面是補述性質的關係子句, 省略which are後減化為形容詞片語.

    for him也是語意上被省略的, 嚴格說來for him不宜省略, 因為人是to enjoy的邏輯主詞; 若沒有for him, 要用被動較通順:

    ....., maybe too many to be enjoyed all. 這個all才是副詞.

    2013-12-11 00:34:15 補充:

    >He has many interests, maybe he has too many to really enjoy them all.

    >There are 3 thousand coins, maybe there are 4 thousand on the table.

    Spliced sentences! 兩個完整句子不可僅用逗號來連接.

    2013-12-20 08:57:51 補充:

    博翔,

    你的理解完全正確.

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
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  • 7 年前

    DaSaGwa 大師

    那them all 的all是什麼詞?

    像羅莉大師所說

    He has many interests, which are maybe too many to really enjoy them all

    這裡的which指的是前面的interests對吧?

    2013-12-10 23:35:36 補充:

    請教DaSaGwa 大師

    既然maybe可以引導子句,那以下兩句主詞在哪?

    動詞又在哪?

    He has many interests, maybe too many to really enjoy them all

    There are 3 thousand coins, maybe 4 thousand on the table.

    2013-12-19 22:27:57 補充:

    請問羅莉大師

    Can you pass me a fresh lab coat? Mine's dirty

    Mine's dirty = Mine is dirty = My lab coat is dirty 對吧?

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  • 7 年前

    "all" can be adjective, adverb, pronoun and noun.

    When you use "all + noun" (all his time), "all" is an adjective. When you use "all of + noun" (all of his time), "all" is a pronoun.

    2013-12-10 22:55:54 補充:

    "all" in "enjoy them all" is an adverb and uses to describe "enjoy".

    I don't know why Master 羅莉 used "which are"? It already has "maybe", so "which are maybe…" doesn't make sense to me.

    2013-12-10 23:02:21 補充:

    "maybe" itself is an adverb and can lead clause, for example:

    Maybe I misunderstood Karen; I am not sure.

    There are 3 thousand coins, maybe 4 thousand on the table.

    2013-12-10 23:52:48 補充:

    He has many interests, maybe (he has) too many to really enjoy them all.

    There are 3 thousand coins, maybe (there are) 4 thousand on the table.

    They both omit some words. Since these omitted words were mentioned earlier, so omission will not confuse people.

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