楷銘 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

英文文法-與主要子句比較主被動

這類題型記得主動用ing,被動用pp

1. when ____ with difficulties, one still needs to continue his efforts without giving up easily.

→我選facing,但正解是faced,我的想法是面對直接用主動就行了,還是面對有在分主被動嗎?如果有請解釋用法,或這題另有其他解釋?

2. ____ next to the Chairman of the Board, the prospective CEO candidate seemed to be uneasy.

→我選Seating,正解是Seated,跟上題一樣的問題,求解釋!

2 個解答

評分
  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    這類題型記得主動用ing,被動用pp

    1. when ____ with difficulties, one still needs to continue his efforts without giving up easily.

    →主動被動需由語意決定,be faced with是被困難纏身,若去掉介詞改成when facing difficulties, one still needs to continue his efforts without giving up easily.(OK),記得動詞有85%是兼具及物不及物

    2. ____ next to the Chairman of the Board, the prospective CEO candidate seemed to be uneasy.

    →答覆如第一題。改成When I sitting next to the Chairman of the Board, the prospective CEO candidate seemed to be uneasy.注意主詞不一致不得省略

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    to be faced with something是第一題的邏輯(困難找上門了,對這人來說是被動的關係): The country is now faced with the prospect of war.

    第二題to be seated next to the Chairman of Borad = 被安排坐在董事長旁(不是自己去坐那裡的,對這人來說也屬被動)

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