Aqua
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Aqua 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

請問國外大學 Doctorate 跟 PhD 的差別跟翻譯

Doctorate Degree 似乎有涵蓋 PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) 的意思,但是並不代表一定是 PhD。好像是研究部分的程度跟時間上有差。像是國外有很多大學裡有分 Doctor of Psychology 以及 Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology。

好比說澳洲的 Newcastle 大學就有這兩種學位:

Doctor of Clinical and Health Psychology (不是PhD):http://www.newcastle.edu.au/students/degrees-to-ca...

Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology (是 PhD):http://www.newcastle.edu.au/policy/000916.html

這樣的話中文該怎麼翻譯啊?全部都是博士學位嗎?好像也不太正確喔... 有誰知道可以幫我解惑啊?!謝嚕!!

已更新項目:

謝謝 DaSaGwa ( 大師 1 級 ) 的說明!!如果有人寫說 "I am a doctoral student studying Doctor of Psychology" 這邊的 doctoral 又該怎麼翻譯呢?感恩!!

1 個解答

評分
  • 6 年前
    最佳解答

    All Engineering, Science, Fine Art, … if it awards PhD, they are all Doctor of Philosophy. The reason is what you are trained is to think in a philosophical way. There is NO doctor of (mechanical) engineering, science or the same sort.

    2014-01-22 11:00:30 補充:

    Another kind of doctor is in medical field. In US, you can only get into medical school after you have a bachelor degree. Therefore, when a person is in medical school, it is considered as in graduate school.

    2014-01-22 11:02:48 補充:

    Also, in medical field, you can have both MD and PhD. If you have chance to pay attention to a person's degree earned, you can see thing like "John Doe MD, PhD"

    It means this person has both Doctor of Medicine and Doctor of Philosophy in Medicine.

    2014-01-22 11:07:38 補充:

    On the other hand, not all the doctoral degrees are PhD, for example, JD (Juris Doctor, a law degree), DBA (Doctor of Business Administration), DDS (Doctor of Dental Surgery) …

    2014-01-22 11:08:38 補充:

    Doctorate includes all PhD, MD, JD, DDS ….

    2014-01-22 11:10:48 補充:

    Doctor of Clinical and Health Psychology = 臨床及健康心理學醫師

    Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology = 臨床心理學哲學博士

    2014-01-22 12:35:24 補充:

    My previous posting was wrong, the following is correct version.

    I am a doctoral student studying Doctor of Psychology

    我是一名醫學學生正在攻讀心理學醫生

    I am a doctoral student studying Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology

    我是一名博士生正在攻讀心理學博士

    2014-01-22 12:38:04 補充:

    As you can see, the difference is "Doctor of Psychology" and "Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology".

    This is like:

    Doctor of Medicine (MD)

    Doctor of Philosophy in Medicine (PhD)

    2014-01-22 12:41:48 補充:

    By the way, MD and PhD are two different degrees, so are PhD in Psychology and PsyD (Doctor of Psychology)

    2014-01-22 12:46:56 補充:

    When people have PhD, usually they focus more on research. When people have MD or PsyD, they focus more on clinic. However, there are group of people that they do both research and clinic.

    2014-01-22 12:50:01 補充:

    For MD and PhD, you usually can find them in a University's Medical School and Hospital. These people will have both research and clinic at both Medical School and Hospital. It means, they not only see patients but also teach and do research.

    2014-01-22 13:11:48 補充:

    Talking about making money, they really work very hard to do so (see patient, teach and do research) huh!

    2014-01-22 13:15:53 補充:

    Also, in US, most of the medical school offer MD/PhD program. It means, you will have both MD and PhD degrees by the time you graduate. It usually will ask you to study MD first, then PhD.

    2014-01-22 13:54:16 補充:

    By the way, this MD/PhD program is very limited, it needs a committee to determine whom to accept into the program. It can be as little as just ONE person to be accepted into the program, or as many as 25 (like Washington U in St. Louis, the 3rd best Medical School in US).

    2014-01-30 04:28:43 補充:

    Look like there is NO other will provide different answer, let me move some of the opinions into the answer area:

    All Engineering, Science, Fine Art, … if it awards PhD, they are all Doctor of Philosophy. The reason is what you are trained is to think in a philosophical way. There is NO doctor of (mechanical) engineering, science or the same sort.

    Another kind of doctor is in medical field. In US, you can only get into medical school after you have a bachelor degree. Therefore, when a person is in medical school, it is considered as in graduate school.Also, in medical field, you can have both MD and PhD. If you have chance to pay attention to a person's degree earned, you can see thing like "John Doe MD, PhD" It means this person has both Doctor of Medicine and Doctor of Philosophy in Medicine (or in a different field).

    On the other hand, not all the doctoral degrees are PhD, for example, JD (Juris Doctor, a law degree), DBA (Doctor of Business Administration), DDS (Doctor of Dental Surgery) …

    Doctorate includes all PhD, MD, JD, DDS ….

    Doctor of Clinical and Health Psychology

    = 臨床及健康心理學醫師

    Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology

    = 臨床心理學哲學博士

    I am a doctoral student studying Doctor of Psychology

    我是一名醫學學生正在攻讀心理學醫生

    I am a doctoral student studying Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology

    我是一名博士生正在攻讀心理學博士

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