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Ggggggg 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

英文 文法

In Central America....

Guatemalan authorities have detained two women who threw flour on Vice

president Roxana Baldetti's face, at the end of the president's "state of the

nation" speech.

Baldetti was about to leave the "Teatro National" on Tuesday when the women

approached and attacked her.

The vice president was taken out on a stretcher and driven to a hospital by

ambulance after she said she was having difficulty breathing.→裡面的was having 為甚麼要用過去進行式 不能直接had嗎

One of the women told reporters minutes before being arrested that she

attacked Baldetti because she has the right to express herself freely.→ being arrested 這裡 為甚麼要being 是分詞構句嗎 有點看不懂

已更新項目:

為甚麼要用Being哩 不太了解

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 年前
    最佳解答

    1 ... after she said she was having difficulty breathing.→裡面的was having 為甚麼要用過去進行式 不能直接had嗎

    這裡用過去簡單式had在文法上也正確(靜態的描寫),但用過去進行式was having,較生動(有當時的狀況屬於一直在進行當中的意思(動態的描寫)。

    2. .... One of the women told reporters minutes before being arrested that she

    attacked Baldetti because she has the right to express herself freely.→ being arrested 這裡 為甚麼要being 是分詞構句嗎

    minutes before being arrested是名詞+介系詞+動名詞

    用來修飾前面的述部told reporters,屬副詞性質,提供時間點。

    being arrested是被動態的動名詞,不是分詞構句,因為分詞構句雖可以有自己的主詞,但不能當介系詞的受詞。

    2014-01-26 12:37:44 補充:

    being是動名詞+補語arrested(過去分詞表示被動)

    補語可以用名詞或形容詞性質的字,這裡是用有形容詞性質的過去分詞.

    I am proud of being an English teacher.

    這裡的動名詞則是用名詞teacher當補語.

    動名詞是由不完全不及物動詞所衍生時,需加上補語

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