兩個文法上的問題

1. He awoke to find himself lying on a hospital bed.

為什麼不是finding?

不是分詞構句嗎?:He awoke and he found himself lying on a hospital bed.

→He awoke finding himself lying on a hospital bed.

2. 為什麼有些句子不用連接詞,用分號就可以連接兩個句子?

例:We had a close shave on the highway yesterday;a huge truck almost crashed into us.

例:Blake has been studying at this college for almost two years;he's a sophomore.

有規定要在什麼情況下才能如此嗎?還是隨便兩個句子都可以?

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 年前
    最佳解答

    1. He awoke to find himself lying on a hospital bed.

    為什麼不是finding?

    不是分詞構句嗎?:He awoke and he found himself lying on a hospital bed.

    →He awoke finding himself lying on a hospital bed.

    用不定詞來當述部的[修飾語]時,有接著發生的意思。如果用分詞構句,則表示與主要動詞同時進行。find不宜用表示進行的分詞,因為awake和find同屬瞬間的狀況,不是一個過程。

    2. 為什麼有些句子不用連接詞,用分號就可以連接兩個句子?

    例:We had a close shave on the highway yesterday;a huge truck almost crashed into us.

    例:Blake has been studying at this college for almost two years;he's a sophomore.

    有規定要在什麼情況下才能如此嗎?還是隨便兩個句子都可以?

    對等的兩個(或兩個以上)子句可以不用對等連接詞,而只用分號來表示對等關係。也可以用對等連接詞再加上分號(如句子裡還用了逗號來當頓號時,或有多個對等的子句時),也可用conjuctive adverb.(如however, nevertheless等,這時是先分號,再conjuctive adverb,再接逗號,再接子句).

    2014-02-08 11:34:07 補充:

    冒號後面的子句是前面名詞的同位語,所以是附屬子句,不是獨立子句.

  • 6 年前

    連接兩個 independent clause 只有4種方法

    1. 句點(另起新句)

    2. 逗點+連接詞

    3. :

    4 ;

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