涂凱傑 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

none nothing的區別 高考題

Can I have some more ice cream,Mum?

1)---Sorry.There is____left in the fridge.

2)---Sorry.As a matter of fact,there is _____ left in the fridge.

3) ---Sorry. There is _____ left except some iced coffee in the fridge.

4) ---Sorry. There is _____ left in the fridge,let alone ice cream.

1)none;2) none/nothing; 3)nothing; 4)nothing

none 只表示已经涉及的人或物的量,即它的功能只在“量”上,而nothing 的本质在“事物(类别)前者不独立,后者可独立使用

老實說 我完全不知道他究竟想表達什麼?

解析說什麼有涉及上下文的範圍(量)時 用none

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 年前
    最佳解答

    none = not one of a group of people, or things or no amount of something

    所以當代名詞時,可用來指人或可數或不可數的東西一個也沒或一點也不存在

    I thought there was some coffee in the cupboard, but there's none there.

    None of his friends lives nearby.

    None of the plates were broken.

    nothing = not anything

    當代名詞表示無事或物(不能用來指人)

    There was nothing in the room except for a mattress.

    She waited and watched, but nothing happened.

    I saw nothing strange in the situation.

    The kids complain that there's nothing to do there.

    Can I have some more ice cream, Mum?

    1)---Sorry. There is none left in the fridge.

    只是ice cream沒了,但冰箱裡也許還有別的東西可吃。

    Sorry. There is nothing left in the fridge.

    冰箱裡不但沒有ice cream,所有什麼東西都沒有剩(空空如也)。

    代名詞none(沒有一個/一點那個東西)是針對前句裡的名詞ice cream。

    nothing(沒有東西)不針對前句裡的ice cream,而是泛指一切。

    2)---Sorry. As a matter of fact, there is _____ left in the fridge.

    同上。none/nothing均可。一指冰淇淋沒了,一指冰箱空了。

    3) ---Sorry. There is _____ left except some iced coffee in the fridge.

    只能填nothing。句意是冰箱裡除了一些冰咖啡外,是空的,沒有其它的東西。

    4) ---Sorry. There is _____ left in the fridge, let alone ice cream.

    只能填nothing。句意是冰箱裡啥都沒,更甭說冰淇淋了,

    2014-02-16 15:54:15 補充:

    所以只有nothing可以用在四句的狀況下。none只能用在第一二句。

    2014-02-16 16:01:30 補充:

    代名詞none是代替前句裡的名詞ice cream,所以你的解說才告訴你:涉及上下文的範圍(量)時,用none。

    none無法單獨使用。因為從本身語意裡無法探知是指人(person)還是東西(thing)。

    nothing一定是指東西,而且任何東西(any thing)均包含在內。

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  • 6 年前

    for (2), "none" is a better answer than "nothing".

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