阿雅 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

請教英文文法與中文翻譯

想要請問

1. Michelle would certainly have attended advisory board meeting _______ on

the highway.

為什麼答案用had she not had a flat tire而不用其他選項

if she didn't get a flat tire

had she not a flat tire

should she have not a flat tire

還有中文翻譯

2.Advertising is distinguished from others forms of communication ____ the

advertiser pays for the messang to be delivered.

為什麼用in that,不用in which, which, because of

還有中文翻譯

3. Not only __ most male birds have extremely beautiful feathers,they know how

to use them.

為什麼用do,不用are , will, can

還有中文翻譯

4. To have her own clothing store, Jane borrowed money from family members

to get her business ____.

答案為什麼選started,而不可以用 to start,start , starting

還有中文翻譯

謝謝

3 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    1. Michelle would certainly have attended advisory board meeting _______

    on the highway.

    為什麼答案用had she not had a flat tire而不用其他選項

    if she didn't get a flat tire

    had she not a flat tire

    should she have not a flat tire

    還有中文翻譯

    要不是在公路上爆了胎, 蜜契爾肯定會參加顧問理事會會議的.

    主句用了would have Vpp, 顯示是過去非事實的假設語氣, 其if子句必須搭

    配had Vpp; 亦即:

    If +S + had Vpp

    = Had S Vpp (省略if的寫法)

    本句的動詞是have, 亦即:

    If she had not had

    = Had she not had (省略if的寫法)

    2.Advertising is distinguished from others forms of communication ____

    the advertiser pays for the message to be delivered.

    為什麼用in that,不用in which, which, because of

    還有中文翻譯

    廣告與其他通訊形式有顯著不同, 因為登廣告者對所要遞送的訊息付費.

    in that : 因為; 基於...的理由

    這個that不是關代, 所以不能改為in which; in that是連接詞片語.

    3. Not only __ most male birds have extremely beautiful feathers, they

    know how to use them.

    為什麼用do,不用are , will, can

    還有中文翻譯

    大多數的雄鳥不但擁有極為漂亮的羽毛, 牠們還知道怎麼去利用它們.

    這是一般經驗知識的敘述, 用現在式即可, 與後面的know時態一致. Not only

    開頭句子要倒裝, 一般動詞藉助do來倒裝.

    4. To have her own clothing store, Jane borrowed money from family

    members to get her business ____.

    答案為什麼選started,而不可以用 to start,start , starting

    還有中文翻譯

    為了有有自己的服裝店, 珍向家人借了錢來讓她的事業啟動.

    business是事物, 不會自己啟動, 只能被啟動, 其他選項都是主動.

    2014-03-19 10:04:35 補充:

    get her business started (O)

    get her business to start (?)

    我同意後者有其意思, 但在本句仍以前者為佳, 因為這裡強調動作性, 是start her business的被動形式.

    如果是跑程式, 則以get the program to start running.

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
  • 7 年前

    Yes, "to get her business to start" is indeed fine. However, get prepared to see someone argue by throwing google hit counts right at you. What give?

  • 7 年前

    since "start" is an ergative verb, "to start" is also acceptable.

    2014-03-20 19:55:29 補充:

    Get the programs to run (another ergative)

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