Gold Moon 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

我想請問英文句子TO與WITH的用法,謝謝

例句:Since Mr.Chang was not in his office, I left a message with his secretary.

with不是與的意思嗎? 我留一個訊息給他的秘書. 給不是用to嗎??

謝謝

4 個解答

評分
  • 7 年前
    最佳解答

    中文可以說 「某人不在,留個 message 給他的秘書」,但其實細細想,這留言不是要 「給」 秘書,這 message 是要給 Mr. Wang,只是請秘書轉達而已,所以英文用 left a message with,就是指這個請「代轉」 的意思:

    Since Mr.Chang was not in his office, I left a message with his secretary.

    因為張先生不在他的辦公室,我留了個口信在他的秘書那邊。

    with 是 「在一起」,這裡意思是留了個 message 與她的秘書 「在一起」。也就是在她那裡,目的是請他轉達。

    to 有 「對象」 或 「到」 的意思,我們可以「寄送」、「電郵」 訊息 「到」 他的秘書那裏:

    send a message to his secretary

    email a message to his secretary

    秘書在這裡是我們送訊息的對象,可以用 to。 但 Mr. Wang 不在,她的秘書不是留言的對象,拜訪者只是留口信在她那裡,請她轉達而已,所以要用 with。

  • 7 年前

    兩個都是介係詞

    to 本身沒有與的意思喔

    with 才有

    I left a message with his secretary.

    to 通常是幫助動詞的

    with 是在一起的意思

    所以用to 會不順

  • 7 年前

    其實是TO 沒錯

    send..to是慣用的語法

    U R Right!

    參考資料: by myself
  • 7 年前

    一:表示相對,針對

    be strange (common, new, familiar, peculiar, distinct, sensitive, immune, vulnerable, indispensable) to

    Air is indispensable to life.

    Aircrafts are vulnerable to interference caused by radiation.

    This injection will make you immune to infection.

    二:表示對比,比較

    1:以-ior結尾的形容詞,後接介詞to表示比較,如:superior ,inferior,prior,senior,junior

    The quarrel happened prior to my arrival.

    2:一些本身就含有比較或比擬意思的形容詞,如equal,similar,equivalent,analogous

    A is similar to B in many ways.

    3:表示一些先後順序的形容詞,如:second,subsequent,next,preliminary,preparatory

    Subsequent to the war,they returned to their hometown.

    4:to也偶爾出現在個別動詞之後,與動詞形成固定片語,表示比較,如:prefer to,in contrast to compare to sth.表示比喻或比擬,而compare with sth.表示比較,如:

    World is usually compared to a stage

    Compared with his past,he has changed a lot.

    Prefer的正確句型是:prefer A to B或prefer doing A to doing B,但當prefer後接動詞不定式時,表示比較的介詞to就要改成rather than ,如:

    The undaunted soldier preferred death to surrender.

    Many people prefer spending money to earning money.

    They prefer to pursue careers rather than remain home as house wives.

    5:to與及個別的名詞構成比較之意,如:alternative

    Going to an under water concert is a great alternative to going to dinner.

    三:表示修飾關係

    1:表示回復,反應意思的詞,如:answer to question,

    solution to problem,response to inquiry,reaction to proposal,reply to letter

    2:表示建築構件的辭彙,如: entry,entrance,approach,access,passage,exit,vent,path

    the approach to a bridge引橋

    the approach to science

    Half of the population was estimated to have no access to the health service.

    The access to education 接受教育的機會

    4:表示人物職位和官銜的詞,如:assistant to manager, ambassador to Spain, successor to tradition, heir to throne,deputy to the National People’s Congress

    advisor to the Prime Minister

    5:表示權利和許可的辭彙,如:right,admission

    The employee finally got the admission to the boardroom.

    Everyone has an equal right to ……..

    6:表示柵欄或障礙的辭彙

    7:表示與書籍,文本相關的詞

還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。