立宇 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

我有三題英文的文法問題!!!

題一:

At thirteen ___ at a district school near her home, and when she was fifteen, she saw her first article in print.

→ 空白地方正解為"Mary Jane Hawes had her first teaching position.",請問若我改為"when Mary Jane Hawes had her first teaching position."是否依樣成立呢?

題二:

~, but we may now stand poised on the brink of the answer to the question, ~

→ 請問這裡的"poised"前面有個動詞"stand"為何要加ed(過去分詞?)呢?

題三:

The man who invented synthetic dyes.

→請問這裡的"who"是否可省略? 若改寫成"The man who is inventing synthetic dyes."可以嗎?

感謝撥冗回答!!!

3 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    6 年前
    最佳解答

    題一:

    At thirteen ___ at a district school near her home, and when she was

    fifteen, she saw her first article in print.

    → 空白地方正解為"Mary Jane Hawes had her first teaching position.",請問若我改為"when Mary Jane Hawes had her first teaching position."是否依樣成立呢?

    這樣改就不是完整句子了.

    關鍵在那個and, 它是對等連接詞, 前後必須是完整的句子.

    您加了when, 就變成了副詞子句, 亦即主要子句消失了, 就沒有完整的句子跟and後面的完整句子有對等關係了.

    不過, 補上 一個主要子句即可:

    At thirteen when Mary Jane Hawes had her first teaching position at a

    district school near her home, people were extremely surprised, and

    when she.....

    題二:

    ~, but we may now stand poised on the brink of the answer to the question, ~

    → 請問這裡的"poised"前面有個動詞"stand"為何要加ed(過去分詞?)呢?

    poised是過去分詞當形容詞用, 作為主詞補語,

    而stand稱為連綴動詞, 後面接形容詞是正常的.

    題三:

    The man who invented synthetic dyes.

    →請問這裡的"who"是否可省略? 若改寫成"The man who is inventing

    synthetic dyes."可以嗎?

    有個關代who, 這只是一個帶有修飾性子句的名詞而已, 不是完整的句子.

    把who拿掉, invented就升格成為主要動詞, 就是一個完整的句子了.

    您無須把動詞改為現在進行式, 因為invent是瞬間動詞, 不適合使用進行式.

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    6 年前

    題一:

    At thirteen ___ at a district school near her home, and when she was fifteen, she saw her first article in print.

    → 這句子以and連結二個獨立子句,若改成"when Mary Jane Hawes had her first teaching position."就變成只有附屬子句而無主要子句,句子變成有頭無尾不完整

    題二:

    ~, but we may now stand poised on the brink of the answer to the question, ~

    →這裡的"stand"可比照be動詞使用,而"poised"用被動是被似是而非的答案感到猶豫不定。這類動詞如stand,sit,lie-------,例如I stand reading a book. I sit eating dinner.一般用主動較多

    題三:

    The man who invented synthetic dyes.

    →這裡的"who"是當關係子句主詞不可省略,改寫成"The man who is inventing synthetic dyes."可以,但前提動作須由主詞主導,This idea sounds good.就不可用進行式

    改寫成"The man inventing synthetic dyes."可以

  • 匿名使用者
    6 年前

    題三:

    The man who invented synthetic dyes.

    →請問這裡的"who"不可省略

    若改寫成"The man who is inventing synthetic dyes."

    YES合乎文法

    但時態改變

    中文意義也改變

    invent用現在進行式的機會不多

    但大型公司針對某缺失而正在發明XX物品或系統

    則是可以用進行式

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