郁凌 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

fall 不及物動詞,為什麼後面可以加名詞呢?

fall victim to

fall 不及物動詞,為什麼後面可以加名詞呢?

4 個解答

評分
  • 6 年前
    最佳解答

    This is a good question!

    The key is intransitive verbs include:

    linking verbs and action verbs

    It is only when "fall" is an action verb, then it is doesn't need an object.

    However, when it is a linking verb, then it can have complements, not objects. For example:

    - fall asleep

    - fall ill

    - fall pregnant

    - fall prey (to)

    - fall sick

    - fall silent

    - fall victim (to).

    From the list above, you can see, complements can be adjective or noun.

    Now, how to know when an intransitive verb is a linking verb or an action one?

    The easiest test is:

    You replace this questioned verb (in your case, "fall") with BE-verb, if the meaning of the sentence doesn't change, then it is a linking verb, otherwise, it is an action verb.

    Hopefully, this will answer your question!

    2014-03-30 05:20:59 補充:

    郁凌 ! I don't accept invitation, but I will answer your questions, especially, your questions are all very nice ones.

    2014-03-30 06:20:02 補充:

    From problems you have asked, I like to point out an issue to you:

    The grammar you have learned are correct, however, it is not complete. The problem is the portion that I have added to what you already know is not always taught in grammar book.

    2014-03-30 06:22:13 補充:

    Even though they do mention it, they will NOT mention these TWO ideas together. However, if you ignore these two rules, and simply read more, you will eventually learn it. You can see the use I mention quite often in articles.

    2014-03-30 06:25:21 補充:

    In fact, once you get used to the use of it (I mean intransitive verb), you don't need to know such a grammar. My saying is just to provide you a logic reason. If you get used to it, you can immediately understand. If not, you might forget it again.

    2014-03-30 06:25:32 補充:

    typo! …have learned are …==> … have learned is …

    2014-03-30 06:27:01 補充:

    … provide you a logic … ==> provide you a logical ..

    2014-03-30 06:33:15 補充:

    Master IJK! You like be in feline family! Thank you for your compliment.

    I hope my explanation doesn't get involved with too much grammar, because grammar can throw people off when comes to learn English.

    2014-03-30 06:34:16 補充:

    After all, grammar comes after language is created. People shall be able to learn the language without knowing the grammar.

    2014-03-30 07:07:26 補充:

    the 7 examples I have listed, if you replace "fall" with "be", you will see the meaning doesn't change, so "fall" in those 7 examples is a linking verb (連綴動詞)

    2014-03-30 07:09:33 補充:

    The reason to use this test is "be-verb" is the most famous linking verb. "linking verb" doesn't carry action, so replacing it with "be-verb" will not change the meaning.

  • 6 年前

    何謂 「不完全不及物動詞」? 它的英文是?

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 年前

    「不完全不及物動詞」後面可以接「名詞」或「形容詞」當「主詞補語」。

    to fall victim to xxx = to become a victim of xxx

  • 6 年前

    "fall victim to" 應該是一組詞語地看,是常見的 idiom:

    http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/fall_1

    〔你看看 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 也有註明是 vi 不及物動詞,但用於 7 的時候卻沒說〕

    http://hk.dictionary.search.yahoo.com/search?p=fal...

    〔看 21〕

    2014-03-30 05:38:27 補充:

    Excellent explanation from DaSaGwa~!!!

    "victim" is a complement, not a transitive object in this case.

    Also, "fall" is used as a linking verb.

    2014-04-01 04:50:31 補充:

    Bravefish:

    「不完全不及物動詞」的英文是 Incomplete Intransitive Verb,又叫連綴動詞(Linking Verb)。

    請看:

    http://roamengdise.myweb.hinet.net/CJHGWEB/structu...

    https://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?q...

    http://211.75.39.208:888/adv/grammar/data/MCVC02.h...

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