英文文法 so much和that 在此段文字中的關係

In any company, what you can accomplish will be limited by the existing corporate culture. That is something you would be well advised to avoid confronting directly, especially when there is usually so much that can be done by working within it.

此段文字中的"especially when there is usually so much that can be done by working within it"的文法該如何分析,尤其是"so much that "這裡

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這段話的翻譯:在任何一家公司裡,你在既成的企業文化之下所能夠做的其實有限。而且給你最好的意見是:不要正面衝撞它,尤其是當你按照既成的文化來運作其實還是有許多可做之事。

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Louis所回答的內容中,我感到疑惑的地方是:在"so ... that can be done"架構中,that和can之間沒有主詞。可對照另一個句子後可清楚發現,在"He was so happy that he could not speak"這句話中,that和could之間有主詞"he"

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在羅莉回答的內容中,我感到疑惑的地方是:much若做代名詞,前面的so是副詞而非形容詞,副詞so無法修飾代名詞much,一般而言,要形容詞才可修飾(代)名詞。

2 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    In any company, what you can accomplish will be limited by the existing

    corporate culture. That is something you would be well advised to avoid

    confronting directly, especially when there is usually so much that can

    be done by working within it .

    翻譯:

    在任何公司,你所能做到的成果會受限於既有的企業文化體制。有些事你會被鄭重勸告不要直接(自作主張)去處理,尤其是在體制內通常有很多可行方式的情況。

    在文法上我的看法與Louis有一點不同.

    這裡只有一個副詞子句, 也就是畫底線的整個when子句.

    至於so much that can be done, 其中"so...that..."並不是「如此...以致於」的副詞語意, 因為這個that不是連接詞而是關代; 也就是說, 綠色字體部份是一個關係子句, much是代名詞(相當於much work)作為先行詞, 關代是子句主詞.

    簡言之, 樓主所問的so much that... = so much work that..., 是「先行詞+關代」的結構, 而不是「如此多以致於」的語意.

    much作為代名詞另例:

    There isn't much we can do to help him out.

    The whole event is this much I can say.

    2014-03-31 14:48:30 補充:

    much作為代名詞時, 本身蘊含一個省略的名詞, 仍具有其形容詞的本義, 故仍可接受副詞的修飾, 例如:

    I have so much to tell you. <--- so much = so many words

    There is quite much left over. <--- quite much = quite much money/food/clothing/wine等...

    2014-03-31 17:02:49 補充:

    >....there is so much that can be done

    >後者用「副詞子句」當much的修飾語

    Louis大,

    您的意思是"there is so much (that) that can be done"省略連接詞that嗎?

    1) much如看成形容詞, 那您怎麼解釋"there is so much"沒有主詞?

    2) much如為代名詞, 那麼後面當然是形容詞子句, 對吧?

    參考資料: 羅莉 + 英文文法
  • ?
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    ...there is much to be done.

    ... there is so much that can be done

    前者用「不定詞片語」當much的修飾語

    後者用「副詞子句」當much的修飾語

    that兼can be done的主詞

    2014-03-31 15:32:41 補充:

    much與前面limited相對應

    你雖覺得你的成就處處受限於公司的文化,但實際上你在體制內的運作空間還是很大的。

    2014-03-31 21:38:12 補充:

    羅莉說得非常有道理。

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