拿鐵 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

英文文法--名詞子句和副詞子句

最近在唸英文雜誌的時候,

都分不太清楚到底句子中子句究竟是副詞子句還是名詞子句,

請問一下副詞子句和名詞子句究竟要怎麼分辨阿?

如果是名詞子句的話that在什麼情況下可以用who/which替換?

以下的句子中的that是名詞子句還是副詞子句?可以用who/which替換ㄇ?

1.Most of the places that travelers put on their sightseeing lists are located

aboveground.

2.Few people think about the wonderful worlds that can be found right underneath their feet.

3.Here are some of he world's top underground attractions that you can consider visiting

on your next vacation.

4.The desert temperatures are so extreme in this opal-mining town that miners decided

to built everything underground.

5.This country contains around two-hundred underground cities that were dug out

thousands of years ago.

6.Finally,beneath the heart of Paris,Franch,there is an underground world of mazes

and tunnels that house the remains of the dead

1 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    樓主所問的六句, 沒有一句含有名詞子句.

    除了第4句含有副詞子句以外, 其餘五句都含有形容詞子句(關係子句).

    分辨的原則:

    that擔任子句中的主詞或受詞, 那就是形容詞子句;

    that所引導的子句表示時間、地點、原因、條件、讓步、目的、方式、結果或程度等語意, 就是副詞子句;

    that所引導的整個子句作為主句的主詞、受詞、補語或同位語等, 就是名詞子句.

    1.Most of the places that travelers put on their sightseeing lists are located

    aboveground.

    that擔任put的受詞, 所以是形容詞子句(關係子句);

    that是關代, 可用which代之.

    2.Few people think about the wonderful worlds that can be found right

    underneath their feet.

    that擔任子句主詞, 所以是形容詞子句(關係子句);

    that是關代, 可用which代之.

    3.Here are some of he world's top underground attractions that you can

    consider visiting on your next vacation.

    that擔任動名詞visiting的受詞, 所以是形容詞子句(關係子句);

    that是關代, 可用which代之.

    4.The desert temperatures are so extreme in this opal-mining town that

    miners decided to built everything underground.

    that子句是表達so extreme的結果, 亦即修飾形容詞extreme, 所以是副詞子句;

    that既非關代, 就不可換成which.

    5.This country contains around two-hundred underground cities that were

    dug out thousands of years ago.

    that擔任子句的主詞或被動語態的邏輯受詞, 故為形容詞子句;

    that是關代, 可用which代之.

    6.Finally, beneath the heart of Paris,France, there is an underground world

    of mazes and tunnels that house the remains of the dead

    that擔任子句的主詞, 這個house是動詞, 意思是提供xxx居住;

    that是關代, 可用which代之.

    參考資料: 羅莉 - 英文文法
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