TA-KO 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

as well as 用法

活用空中美語雜誌上教的as well as用法,我有一處不懂。

雜誌上寫as well as之後的動詞接V-ing

然後例句:John sent some emails as well as "writing" an article before he left.

然後下面又有一句例句寫:Tina sings as well as "plays" the guitar.

為何第一句的write要變動名詞,而第二句的play不用?

已更新項目:

給各位好心又擅長英文的大大們:)

這是"活用空中美語2009年4月號"裡"4月2日"的文法教學,在雜誌裡"第15頁"右邊處。

所以我沒看錯歐~

還有,其實這是一個很單純的問題,我知道as well as的用法,但我不知道的是,為何上下兩句例句as well as後的動詞用法不同,只要給我這個答案就好。

謝謝各位~~

8 個解答

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  • 匿名使用者
    6 年前
    最佳解答

    As well as 可當附屬連接詞和介系詞用,

    當連接詞時,它是標準英語,意為「和…一樣」:You know as well as I that he’s a fool. (你和我一樣都知道他是個笨蛋);Do your homework as well as you can. (盡你所能把家庭作業做好)。

    當介系詞用時,意為「除…之外;而且,也,和」(in addition to):He received a new car, as well as several smaller gifts. (他收到一部新車和數個較小的禮物 / 除了數個較小的禮物,他還收到一部新車)。一般而言,在A as well as B結構中,意義重點在於A。

    然而,許多起初看似介系詞的用法其實是標準的附屬連接詞 (下句 as well as 後面沒有受詞):Visitors came from Canada and the United States, as well as from Europe and the Near East. (遊客來自加拿大和美國,而且也來自近東) – 近東通常指地中海東部沿岸地區,包括非洲東北部和亞洲西南部,有時還包括巴爾幹半島 (資料來源:大英百科)。

    當 as well as 使句子的主詞變成複合主詞 – 所以要使用複數動詞 – 時,或者當 as well as 及其受詞被語調或逗點隔開,因此使第二部分成為不影響主動詞一致的插入語句時,這片語就會發生用法上的問題:Their seven-foot center as well as their huge forwards were simply too tall for our average-sized players. (他們七呎高的中鋒以及人高馬大的前鋒對我們一般身材的球員來說簡直太高了);Their seven-foot center, as well as their huge forwards, was simply too tall for our average-sized players. (除了人高馬大的前鋒外,他們七呎高的中鋒對我們一般身材的球員來說簡直太高了)。這兩種主動詞一致都是合乎語法的正規英語,但第二個例句顯然不得體 – 英文中,與 as well as 插入語句用法和意思相似的字詞還有 along with, together with 和 plus 等。

    或許比上面任何一個例句都要來得好的句子就是捨棄 as well as 而改採不同的寫法:Their center was too tall, and so were [as were] their forwards. (他們的中鋒太高,而他們的前鋒也是)。請務必確定語調或標點符號能反映你所要表達的方式並據此確定主詞是單數還是複數。此外,當字面上的意思可能出現模稜兩可的情況時,as well as 也最好不用,如 Mark plays bowling as well as Peter. 這句可能意為「馬克和彼得都打保齡球」,但也可能意為「馬克和彼得的保齡球打得一樣好」。

    做為主詞的連接詞時,以遠離動詞的主詞為主詞(也就是動詞依較遠的主詞作變化),意同and,也可用於連接主詞之外的詞類。

    John是你的朋友,我也是你的朋友呀

    John as well as I is your friend. (連接主詞)

    他和你都不是我的敵人

    He as well as you is not my enemy. (連接主詞)

    他跑得快同時也跳得高

    He can run fast as well as jump high. (連接動詞)

    Mary身材高挑,長得又美

    Mary is tall as well as beautiful. (連接形容詞)

    和許多台灣人一樣,我喜愛棒球

    I like baseball as well as so many Taiwanese do. (連接對等子句…接續前句)

    注意:句中的as well as,and和not only … but also除了連接主詞時,動詞所依附的主詞迥異之外,連接其他詞類則無差異。

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  • 匿名使用者
    3 年前

    kdajklsdfj;s

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  • 匿名使用者
    6 年前

    下面的網址應該對你有幫助

    http://phi008780426.pixnet.net/blog

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  • 匿名使用者
    6 年前

    下面的網址能回答你的問題

    http://phi008780414.pixnet.net/blog

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  • 您覺得這個回答如何?您可以登入為回答投票。
  • 6 年前

    If the sentence is written as:

    John sent some emails as well as "writings" before he left. (O)

    or

    John sent some emails as well as "wrote" an article before he left. (O)

    However, if it is written as:

    John sent some emails as well as "writing" an article before he left.(X)

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  • 6 年前

    s well as 也最好不用,如 Mark plays bowling as well as Peter. 這句可能意為「馬克和彼得都打保齡球」,但也可能意為「馬克和彼得的保齡球打得一樣好」。

    這一句句意很明確而且是"打得一樣好"

    因為如果是"馬克和彼得"都打 ,句子該寫成: Mark as well as Peter plays bowling.

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  • as well as 是對等連接詞

    所以要連接同時態的動詞

    下面那句才對

    你確定沒有看錯?

    不然就是as well as不是當對等連接詞的時候吧

    參考資料: 自己,網路
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  • 3 年前

    as well as 用法

    當連接詞

    說話者表達的是只強調A 時 語氣上停一下 書面上會可以但不一定會用逗點隔開,此時翻譯成「A 如同B 一樣… 」(從屬連接詞),此時動詞當然照A

    說話者要表達的是同時強調二者,除了可用 (both) A and B 外,口語也可用「A as well as B」(沒逗點,唸時不停頓),翻譯時不會用「如同…一樣」,會直接說「A 跟B (都)….」,此時的as well as 可解釋成當「連接兩個名詞的對等連接詞」(=and),變成複合主詞,此時動詞用複數。

    在解釋為 「和」 的時候,若放在句尾,就有人會解釋為「介詞」。如The Columbia Guide to standard American English 將 ”He received a new car, as well as several smaller gifts.” 中的as well as 解成「介詞」,但實際上應解為「連接兩個名詞的對等連詞」較好。

    當介係詞

    但亦有as well as在句首或句末當介片的用法

    比較:As well as + V-ing/ N., S + V (除…之外)

    = Besides/ In addition to + V-ing/ N., S + V

    EX: As well as being used for taking photographs, X-rays are also used for treating diseased parts of the body.

    EX: What has he done, besides reading the paper?

    EX: He had other people to take care of besides me.

    He publishes the books, as well as printing them. (as well as意義相當於in addition to、besides,視為介係詞所以後接Ving。參見奇摩知識 「as well as Ving」)

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