Why Should We Be Concerned?
Why is the extinction of a language with a small number of speakers a concern? Different languages express different ways of seeing the world. They carry information such as the values, history, traditions, and institutions of a culture, and they can show us how a particular culture experiences basic concepts such as time, numbers, and colors. The Pirahã, an Amazonian tribe, appear to have no words for numbers, but instead, they get by with relative words such as few and many. This suggests that assigning numbers may be an invention of culture rather than an innate part of human cognition. The interpretation of color is similarly varied from language to language. What we think of as the natural spectrum of the rainbow is actually divided up differently in different tongues, with many languages having more or fewer color categories than their neighbors. The disappearance of a language also deprives us of knowledge no less valuable than some future miracle drug that may be lost when a species goes extinct. For example, the Seri, who live in the western Sonoran Desert of Mexico, have terms for more than 300 desert plants. By studying the Seri language, scientists learned about an unknown, yet highly nutritional food source similar to wheat, called eelgrass. Seri words related to local animals have also helped scientists acquire new information about these animals’ habitats and behaviors. However, there are only 650 to 1,000 Seri speakers, and the disappearance of the language might therefore deprive us of important scientific knowledge.
- 優氧化水草Lv 56 年前最佳解答
Why Should We Be Concerned? 為什麼我們該擔心?Why is the extinction of a language with a small number ofspeakers a concern? 為什麼我們必須重視少數民族方言逐漸失傳的問題?Different languages express different ways of seeing theworld. 不同的語言能讓我們用更多元的方法看見整個世界。They carry information such as ....它們承載了民族的價值觀、歷史、傳統以及文化制度，也讓我們了解特殊文化中對時間、數字、顏色的認知概念。The Pirahã, an Amazonian tribe, .....Pirahã(食人魚族)是一個亞馬遜部落，並沒有明確的文字用來描速數量，僅用很少或很多這樣的字眼來描述。This suggests that assigning numbers ...由此我們發現，數字或許是由文化中得到的發明，而並不是人類先天就有的認知。The interpretation of color is similarly varied fromlanguage to language. 對於顏色的解析也有相似的情況，各個語言間有多種不同的說法。What we think of as the natural ...對於彩虹中顏色的分類，各個語言都有不同的說法，顏色的種類各個語言間也有多寡之分。The disappearance of a language ...語言的消散也剝奪了我們了解消失族群中流傳的疾病特效藥。For example, the Seri, who live in.... 舉例來說，墨西哥索諾蘭沙漠中的Seri(印第安人)，有著300多種的沙漠植物。By studying the Seri language, ...了解Seri的語言後，科學家也知道了以往不了解但與小麥類似的高營養食物來源，苦草。Seri words related to local animals have also helpedscientists acquire new information about these animals’ habitats and behaviors.Seri中的文字，也極大幫助科學家了解當地動物的習性和行為。However, there are only 650 to 1,000 Seri speakers,...但目前只剩650-1000多名的人會講Seri語，語言的消失也剝奪了我們對於科學重要知識的獲得機會。extinction n.滅絕institution n.制度tribe n.部落innate adj.先天interpretation n.解釋spectrum n.光譜，範圍tongue n.語言miracle drug n.特效藥extinct n.滅絕wheat n.小麥disappearance n.消失deprive v.剝奪重要句型[This suggests that assigningnumbers may be an invention of culture] rather than an innate part ofhuman cognition. 比較句型This suggests 對比 an innate part， that assigning numbers maybe an invention of culture是簡化後的關係子句用來形容This suggests[What we think of as the naturalspectrum of the rainbow] is actually divided up differently in differenttongues, with many languages [having more or fewercolor categories than their neighbors].What we think of as the naturalspectrum of the rainbow 是疑問句轉名詞子句作為主詞 having more or fewer color categories thantheir neighbors是簡化後的關係子句用來後位形容language 我的英文翻譯