翻譯文章(英翻中)希望能挑出簡單文法還有比較重要的單字 謝

翻譯文章(英翻中)希望能挑出簡單文法還有比較重要的單字 謝謝~~ Why Should We Be Concerned? Why is the extinction of a language with a small number of speakers a concern? Different languages express different ways of seeing the world. They carry information such as the values, history, traditions, and institutions of a culture, and they... 顯示更多 翻譯文章(英翻中)希望能挑出簡單文法還有比較重要的單字 謝謝~~

Why Should We Be Concerned?

Why is the extinction of a language with a small number of speakers a concern? Different languages express different ways of seeing the world. They carry information such as the values, history, traditions, and institutions of a culture, and they can show us how a particular culture experiences basic concepts such as time, numbers, and colors. The Pirahã, an Amazonian tribe, appear to have no words for numbers, but instead, they get by with relative words such as few and many. This suggests that assigning numbers may be an invention of culture rather than an innate part of human cognition. The interpretation of color is similarly varied from language to language. What we think of as the natural spectrum of the rainbow is actually divided up differently in different tongues, with many languages having more or fewer color categories than their neighbors. The disappearance of a language also deprives us of knowledge no less valuable than some future miracle drug that may be lost when a species goes extinct. For example, the Seri, who live in the western Sonoran Desert of Mexico, have terms for more than 300 desert plants. By studying the Seri language, scientists learned about an unknown, yet highly nutritional food source similar to wheat, called eelgrass. Seri words related to local animals have also helped scientists acquire new information about these animals’ habitats and behaviors. However, there are only 650 to 1,000 Seri speakers, and the disappearance of the language might therefore deprive us of important scientific knowledge.
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