一二名 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

103關務三等 英文試題 不懂 請幫助翻譯

The United States in the sixties contains an affluent society within its borders. Millions and tens of millions enjoy the highest standard of life the world has ever known. This blessing is mixed. It is built upon an peculiarly distorted economy, one that often proliferates pseudo-needs rather than satisfying human needs. For some, it has resulted in a sense of spiritual emptiness, of alienation. Yet a man would be a fool to prefer hunger to satiety, and the material gains at least open up the possibility of a rich and full existence. At the same time, the United States contains an underdeveloped nation, a culture of poverty. Its inhabitants do not suffer the extreme privation of the peasants of Asia or the tribesmen of Africa, yet the mechanism of the misery is similar. They are beyond history, beyond progress, sunk in a paralyzing, maiming routine. The new nations, however ,have one advantage: poverty is so general and so extreme that it is the passion of the entire society to obliterate it. Every resource, every policy, is measured by its effect on the lowest and most impoverished. There is a gigantic mobilization of the spirit of the society: aspiration becomes a national purpose that penetrates to every village and motivates a historic transformation.

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  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    6 年前
    最佳解答

    60年代美國在其國境內是一個富裕的國家,成百萬千萬人們享有史以來高生活水準上天眷顧的美國是矛盾的,它是建立在扭曲的經濟上,及擴大不實的需求遠超過人們所需。就這部份會導致心靈空虛及疏離。甚至一個人離譜到喜愛飢餓超過飽足感,追求物質享受無所不用其極,同時,美國是一個文化尚未開發的國家, 美國居民不能體會亞洲或非洲部落的農民極度貧困,其貧困不分軒輊,且文化及國家發展均很落後。這些新興國家唯一好處:因為普遍貧窮,所以可激發其人民熱情去淡忘它。所有資源和政策都要考量到貧窮所造成的影響如何激發其社會精神意志:求生意志變成國家整體目標且紮根於基層,鼓勵做歷史的變革 讀後心得:朱門酒肉臭,野有凍死骨。貧窮國家想翻身必須自我覺醒及努力。

  • 6 年前

    參考下面的網址看看

    http://phi008780520.pixnet.net/blog

  • 6 年前

    美國在六十年代包含其邊界內一個富裕的社會。數百萬上千萬的,享受生活的世界上已知的最高標準。這祝福是喜憂參半。它內置一個特有的經濟扭曲,人們往往遍布偽需求,而不是滿足人的需要時。對於一些人來說,已導致感精神空虛的,異化。然而,一個男人將是一個傻瓜喜歡飢飽腹感,而物質利益,至少打開了一個豐富而飽滿的存在的可能性。與此同時,美國包含一個不發達的國家,貧困文化。它的居民不遭受亞洲的農民或非洲部落的極端窮困,但苦難的機制是相似的。他們是超越歷史,超越進取,沉沒在癱瘓,致殘程序。新的國家,然而,有一個優勢:貧窮是如此普遍和如此極端,它是整個社會的熱情抹殺它。每一個資源,每一項政策,是由它在最低和最貧困的效果測定。有一個巨大的動員社會的精神:願望變成滲透到每一個村莊和激勵的歷史性轉型國家的目的。

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