求知者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

英文問題 台大英文考題

想請問relation和relationship的差別

已更新項目:

所以改善國際關係應用improve our foreign relationship 嗎

謝謝

2 個已更新項目:

He helped improve the foreign relationship between US and many countries.

The main goal for the moment of silence is to improve the foreign relation with North Korea.

不太了解這兩句的不同處

2 個解答

評分
  • 6 年前
    最佳解答

    在我看來,你可以用字尾 (-ship) 的了解開始

    -ship:

    1表示狀態或情況:scholarship(友誼,學院院士)

    2表示等級,官職或身分:lordship(貴族身分),

    3表示手藝或技能:horsemanship(騎術),workmanship(做工)scholarship(學術成就)

    "relationship" 屬於 "表示狀態或情況"

    有人說,relationship 往往是指社會關係 (social connection)。例如

    This teacher has close relationship with his students.

    那下面如何解釋?

    (1) the relationship between poor housing and health problems (Longman Dictionary) (2) the special relationship between Britain and the US (Longman Dictionary)

    "relation" 和 'relationship"都指兩個事物之間的關聯(connection). Relation 是指兩個事物的連接方式.而 "Relationship"是指一種 "狀態或情況",也就是說它指的是 這種關聯 (connection)本身.

    因此 (1) 或 (2) 您可以翻譯 "the relationship"成 "這種關係".

    2014-05-02 23:13:39 補充:

    "這種關係" 強調這種關係本身 (relationship), 不只是有關係 (relation). 讓我把它們放在上下文中,讓你看到它們之間的區別:

    In social science, a social relation (關係) or social interaction is any relationship (關係本身) between two or more individuals.

    2014-05-04 09:02:24 補充:

    所以改善國際關係應用improve our foreign relationship 嗎

    它取決於上下文, 下面例子您使用 "relationship"

    He helped improve the foreign relationship between US and many countries.

    下面例子您使用 "relation"

    The main goal for the moment of silence is to improve the foreign relation with North Korea.

    2014-05-04 09:10:19 補充:

    因為第一個例子談到 "關係本身", 第二個例子只談 "關係". 當然你可以互換 "relationship" 和 "relation". 如果是這樣,那麼 "關係本身" 和 "關係" 意思也互換.

    2014-05-04 09:17:25 補充:

    使用哪一個取決於你想要強調的是 "關係本身" 還是只是"關係".

    2014-05-04 09:20:38 補充:

    "relationship" 是指關係的狀態或情況, "relation" 只是關係它的狀態或情況未知

  • 6 年前

    提到情感上的互動多半會用relationship

    其他的關係(人/人)(物/物)(人/物)則會用relations

    想表達比較細膩的部分更深入情感面的關係時,我們則仍會用relatinship來強調

    給幾個範例~

    (人與人)

    Relations betweenworkers and management are generally good. (Longman Dictionary)

    I have quite a good relationship withmy parents. (Longman Dictionary)

    She has a closerelationship with her daughter.(Longman Dictionary)

    (物與物)

    the relation between rainfalland crop yields (Oxford Dictionary)

    the relationship between poor housingand health problems (Longman Dictionary)

    The feethey are offering bears no relation to the amount ofwork involved. (Oxford Dictionary)

    Thelessons bear little relationship to the children'sactual needs. (Longman Dictionary)

    (國與國)

    Canada and Britain have established diplomatic relations withNorth Korea.

    Britain threatened to break off diplomatic relations withthe regime.

    我的英文翻譯

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