柏丞 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

希望1小時~2小時內幫我翻譯英文成中文

1)They make a division between the 'overt' (manifest or surface) and 'covert' (latent or hidden) content of a literary work (much as psychoanalytic critics do) and then relate the covert subject matter of the literary work to basic Marxist themes, such as class struggle, or the progression of society through various historical stages, such as, the transition from feudalism to industrial capitalism. Thus, the conflicts in King Lear might be read as being 'really' about the conflict of class interest between the rising class (the bourgeoisie) and the falling class (the feudal overlords)

2)Another method used by Marxist critics is to relate the context of a work to the social-class status of the author. In such cases an assumption is made (which again is similar to those mode by psychoanalytic critics) that the author is unaware of precisely what he or she is saying or revealing in the text.

3)A third Marxist method is to explain the nature of a whole literary genre in terms of the social period which 'produced' it. For instance, The Rise of the Novel, by Ian Watt, relates the growth of the novel in the eighteen century to the expansion of the middle classes during that period. The novel 'speaks' for this social class, just as, for instance, tragedy 'speaks for' the monarchy and the nobility, and the Ballad 'speaks for' for the rural and semi-urban 'working-class'.

4) A fourth Marxist practice is to relate the literary work to the social assumptions of the time in which it is 'consumed', a strategy which is used particularly in the later variant of Marxist criticism known as cultural materialism.

5) A fifth Marxist practice is the 'politicisation of literary form', that is, the claim that literary forms are themselves determined by political circumstances. For instance, in the view of some critics, literary realism carries with it an implicit validation of conservative social structures: for others, the formal and metrical intricacies of the sonnet and

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the iambic pentameter are a counterpart of social stability, decorum, and order.

補最後一段的最後一行

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不要GOOGLE翻譯哦

3 個解答

評分
  • 6 年前
    最佳解答

    1 )使他們之間的'公開' (艙單或表面)和“隱蔽” (文學作品潛在的或隱藏的)內容(就像精神分析批評做)一個部門,然後與文學作品的隱蔽標的物基本馬克思主義的主題,如階級鬥爭,還是社會的進步,通過各個歷史時期,如,從封建主義向工業資本主義的過渡。因此,在李爾王的矛盾可能會被當作'真的'對新興階級之間的階級利益的衝突(資產階級)和下降級(封建領主)

    2 )用馬克思主義批評另一種方法是與工作的背景下,以筆者的社會階級地位。在這種情況下的假設是(這又是類似的模式,通過精神分析批評) ,作者是不知道正是他或她是在說還是在揭示文本。

    3)第三馬克思主義的方法是解釋其中'產生'它的社會時期而言的整體文學體裁的本質。舉例來說,小說的興起,由伊恩瓦,涉及小說中的18世紀增長的中產階級在此期間的擴張。小說“說”這個社會階層,只是因為,舉例來說,悲劇'不言'君主制和貴族,以及民謠'不言'為農村和半城市“工薪階層” 。

    4 )第四個馬克思主義者的做法是與文學作品中,它是用於特別是在被稱為文化唯物論馬克思主義的批評後變'消耗'的策略當時的社會假設。

    5 )第五馬克思主義的做法是“政治的文學形式” ,也就是說,聲稱文學形式本身是由政治環境決定的。例如,在一些批評者認為,現實主義文學承載著保守的社會結構的隱式驗證:為他人,十四行詩變化與五音步抑揚格的形式和韻律錯綜複雜的社會穩定,禮儀和秩序的對應。

    參考資料: 網址
  • 匿名使用者
    6 年前

    參考下面的網址看看

    http://phi008780508.pixnet.net/blog

  • 6 年前

    1)他們作區分在文學工作 (很多當精神分析的批評家做)的 " 顯明的 (載貨單或者表面)" 、 " 隱蔽的 (潛伏性或者隱藏的)" 內容之間和當時使文學工作的隱蔽服從事件和像班級競爭這樣的基本馬克思主義的主題產生關聯,或 societ 的前進

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